Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan), which struck the country in 2013, was considered one of the strongest tropical storms ever to make landfall (at 380 kilometer / hour wind gusts). It caused over 6,300 fatalities and affected 1,472,251 families in 171 cities and municipalities across the 14 provinces in 6 regions. Total damage and loss was estimated at $12.9 billion (Reconstruction Assistance on Yolanda 2013).
The World Bank assessed the post-Yolanda rehabilitation and recovery efforts, and this has resulted in the following recommendations:
- Establish a disaster management agency with a stronger mandate;
- Institutionalize coordination mechanisms among government and stakeholders;
- Establish clear recovery policies, effective implementation arrangements, and pre-disaster baseline data;
- Develop a standard disaster rehabilitation and recovery framework;
- Promote transparency and accountability by developing an effective communications strategy and interoperable monitoring systems; and
- Identify available financing options, guidelines to access funds, and emergency procurement procedures.
As highlighted in the video, Check out our policy note on post-Yolanda rehabilitation and recovery efforts to learn more about the World Bank’s strategic recommendations and operational tools for the Philippine government.
- GFDRR Guide to Developing Disaster Recovery Frameworks
- Blog posts on communicating disaster risk
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