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Back to School

Update from Iran: Iran’s Over-Education Crises

Amin Mohseni-Cheraghlou's picture
Victor Jiang | Shutterstock.com - A university student in Naqsh-e Jahan Square

Every year, Iranian schools and universities are in back in session on the first day of autumn—September 23rd. Despite educating some of the world’s top minds, such as the late Maryam Mirzakhani, the only women recipient of the Fields Medal, the most prestigious award in mathematics, Iran’s educational system has been in crisis. In this short space, I want to focus on the crisis Iran’s higher education system has been facing, which has taken a turn for worse in the past decade.

A school called Eucalyptus where a tutoring program promotes Citizenship Skills

Simon Thacker's picture


The Lycée Eucalyptus, a high school in Nice, France, sits close to the airport, surrounded to the west and north by a resolutely working-class neighborhood and by a more middle-class area to the east. The school has a heterogeneous group of students who stay for the most part to themselves. So, for a working relationship to form between Marwan, 12, a Syrian refugee, who has only been in France a few months and speaks little French, and Charlotte, 17, the captain of the girls’ tennis team, is quite remarkable.

Back to School 2017 – Part II

Web Team's picture


This is the second part of our interview with with Safaa El Tayeb El-Kogali, World Bank Practice Manager in the Education Global Practice, on the challenges faced by the region’s education systems and the efforts to address them.

Back to School 2017

Web Team's picture


On the heels of the first World Development Report focused entirely on education, and its critical importance for stable and inclusive societies, we launch our annual ‘Back to School’ series that focuses on the state of education in the Middle East and North Africa region. We begin the series with a two-part interview with Safaa El Tayeb El-Kogali, World Bank Practice Manager in the Education Global Practice, on the challenges faced by the region’s education systems and the efforts to address them.

Education reform to create entrepreneurs

Hala Fadel's picture
 dotshock l Shutterstock.com

The demographic clock is ticking on both sides of the Mediterranean, from an aging workforce at one end to a workforce surplus on the other. Yet, whatever the demographic dynamics, the Mediterranean area is facing an incredible challenge, that of providing a safe, buoyant and prosperous future for its youth, one which would benefit its societies, their economic development, and progress.

Education in Yemen Struggles after More than a Year of Conflict

Khalid Moheyddeen's picture
 Mohammed El Emad - World Bank

Education in Yemen witnessed noticeable improvement during the pre-war period 1999–2013. School enrollment rates rose from 71.3% to 97.5% of children. In the academic year 2012/2013, Yemen’s Education Ministry put the number of school students at more than five million registered in about 17,000 schools that includes more than 136,000 classrooms.

Back to the beginning: What I learned about early childhood development in the Arab World

Angelena Simms's picture



The recent revolutions in the Middle East have brought even more urgency to the perennial challenge of how policies can help create better job opportunities for youth. North Africa, along with Sub-Saharan Africa and South India, has among the world’s highest population growth rates and as one widely quoted study put it, “the Arab Spring could not have occurred without the ideological and numerical push of a huge mass of angry youth.” Neighboring countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, which still has among the highest birth rates in the world, noticed.

How best can we support Egypt’s next generation back at school?

Amira Kazem's picture

Climate change ministerial, IMF/World Bank Spring Meetings 2014En septiembre, los principales científicos del mundo dijeron que la influencia de los seres humanos en el clima era clara. El mes pasado, advirtieron sobre los mayores riesgos que el rápido calentamiento del planeta representa para nuestras economías, el medioambiente, el suministro de alimentos y la seguridad mundial. Hoy, el último informe del Grupo Intergubernamental de Expertos sobre el Cambio Climático (IPCC, por sus siglas en inglés), describe qué tenemos que hacer al respecto.
 
El documento, que se centra en la mitigación, señala que las emisiones mundiales de gases de efecto invernadero aumentaron más rápidamente en la última década que en cada uno de los  tres decenios anteriores, a pesar de las medidas para reducirlas. Si no se realizan esfuerzos adicionales de mitigación, a fines del presente siglo la temperatura podría aumentar de 3,7°C a 4,8°C, por encima de los niveles  preindustriales. El IPCC dice que todavía podemos limitar ese aumento a 2°C, pero eso demandará importantes medidas tecnológicas, económicas e institucionales, además de cambios de comportamientos.

Q & A: New initiatives for education in the Middle East and North Africa, including for refugees

Safaa El-Kogali's picture

Горнодобывающая отрасль: от риска к ответственностиЕсли бы мне пришлось выбирать какой-то один важный источник экспортных поступлений, который является при этом ключевым фактором экономического роста в Армении, я выбрал бы горнодобывающую отрасль.

При этом работа в ней сопряжена с риском и препятствиями. Нередко геологоразведка оказывается безрезультатной.  Объёмы инвестиций в сектор значительны и превышают сотни миллионов долларов США. Возможны резкие колебания цен на сырьевых рынках, государство может пересматривать свои подходы и налоговый режим. Кроме того, возможны масштабные риски экологического и социального характера, связанные с образованием отвалов, строительством плотин и необходимостью переселения жителей.

Однако наличие риска не означает, что деятельность в горнодобывающей отрасли не выстраивается или не может быть выстроена на принципах ответственности. Многие из указанных рисков можно смягчить либо устранить. Для этого необходимы подходящие стратегии, законы, нормативные положения, их внимательное применение, а также планирование  деятельности после закрытия шахты, - причём всё это нужно делать ещё до того, как та или иная шахта будет введена в эксплуатацию. Риск в ходе разведочных работ можно снизить  благодаря реализации вспомогательных подходов, таких как обеспечение лёгкого доступа к актуализированной геологической информации и предсказуемости при передаче лицензий.


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