As part of the World Bank Group Annual Meetings that took place in Lima last October, we organized a Wikistage event
to discuss the corrosive effects and the social and economic implications of exclusion. The World Bank Group has two corporate goals: to support developing countries in the elimination of extreme poverty by 2030, and the boosting of shared prosperity. The main message of the Wikistage event was simple: it is impossible to achieve these goals if countries and societies do not tackle the root causes of exclusion.
One of the statements that has stayed with me from the event was from Victor Pineda, President of World Enabled
. He said: “Disability does not discriminate. Each and every one could, at any point, fall into disability. It’s the only minority group that everybody can join” We are an accident away to join a group that is commonly excluded by societies around the world.
Fortunately, the development community has begun to realize the critical role of exclusion, and in particular exclusion of people with disabilities. This has been a year of fundamental change for the recognition of peoples with disabilities in the development agenda through the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
The Post-2015 Development Agenda clearly states that disability cannot be a reason or criteria for lack of access to development programs. The new framework
is audacious. It unequivocally bolsters equal opportunities for persons with disabilities in access to education, vocational training, jobs, transportation, public spaces, human settlements, and political life.
The SDGs include seven targets that explicitly refer to persons with disabilities
; and six further targets on persons in vulnerable situations, which include persons with disabilities.
These targets alongside the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
, now ratified by 160 countries provide both the moral imperative and clear milestones to ensure that persons with disabilities can fully participate in and benefit from poverty reduction and development efforts.
Our research in the World Bank shows the many ways in which persons with disabilities are ignored, stereotyped, and stigmatized in the countries where we work. The rising attention to issues of social inclusion is based on the realization that, while great strides have been made in reducing extreme poverty, in country after country, entire groups remain excluded from development gains.
Our social inclusion flagship report – Inclusion Matters
– highlights the importance of societies to provide the ability
and the opportunity
to excluded populations to access services, markets, and spaces. Furthermore, our research shows that without a sense of dignity
, providing the ability and opportunity to excluded populations is not enough to achieve a transformation of their well-being.