Alvaro González is the Principal Economist for the Jobs Group at the World Bank. He has worked in Africa, East and Central Europe, South Asia and Latin America. Most recently, he was based in Istanbul, Turkey and led one of the largest Bank engagements with the Government of Turkey. Alvaro is a Ph.D. microeconomist specializing in competition and regulatory issues. His research is focused on identifying business environment factors that affect the performance and productivity growth of firms in developing economies. Alvaro did graduate work in economics at MIT and the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). He focused on industrial organization, game theory, and development economics.