Brian Pinto is currently Senior Adviser in the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network of the World Bank Group. Prior to this, he served as Adviser to the Managing Director (MDO) for Africa, Europe and Central Asia, and South Asia. He has also worked in borrowing operations, the International Finance Corporation, the Europe and Central Asia Region and the Economic Policy and Debt Department. He lived in Poland at the start of its momentous reforms (1990-92) as well as in Russia, witnessing first-hand its 1998 crisis and subsequent recovery (1998-2001). His publications have appeared in the Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, the Economic Journal, Journal of International Economics, The Review of Economic Studies and other professional journals. In 2005, a book he edited jointly with Professor Joshua Aizenman, Managing Economic Volatility and Crises: A Practitioner’s Guide was published by Cambridge University Press.