Deborah Winkler serves as a consultant to the World Bank Group's Trade Practice. She is also a Research Associate with the Schwartz Center for Economic Policy Analysis at the New School for Social Research. Deborah has worked on issues of export competitiveness, trade in services, global value chains, and the welfare effects of international trade and offshoring. She is the author of "Services Offshoring and Its Impact on the Labor Market" and the co-author of "Outsourcing Economics: Global Value Chains in Capitalist Development." She has published in various journals and edited volumes of the World Bank, the ILO-WTO, and the Oxford Handbook Series. Deborah received her PhD in economics from Hohenheim University, Germany.