Penny Bamber is a former consultant for the International Trade Department of the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management (PREM) network of the World Bank, and a Research Associate with the Center on Globalization, Governance, and Competitiveness (CGGC) at Duke University. She holds a BA in International Relations from the University of Pennsylvania and a Master's degree in Public Policy from the University of Chile. She also holds a Diploma in Public Policy from the Harris School at the University of Chicago. Penny became a member of the CGGC research team in the beginning of 2009, with a research focus on economic development and competitiveness in Latin America, workforce development, the offshore services industry, and the role of small producers in global agrifood value chains. Prior to joining CGGC, Penny worked in the leadership development training field, facilitating programs for business students and executives at the Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania.