Philip O’Keefe is a Lead Economist in the Social Protection and Labor Global Practice at the World Bank, working in East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region primarily and based in Sydney, Australia. Previously, he was Lead Economist for the Human Development Sector for EAP region and Sector Coordinator for Human Development for China and Mongolia based in Beijing. He is the lead author of the World Bank’s EAP regional flagship report on Aging, and has published regularly on social security and labor market issues in East and South Asia and transition economies. Prior to EAP, he was Social Protection Cluster Coordinator for India and Nepal based in New Delhi, and also worked in the Europe and Central Asia region of the World Bank on social protection and labor issues. Prior to joining the World Bank in 1993, he was Lecturer at University of Warwick, UK. He holds degrees from University of Sydney, London School of Economics and Political Science, and Oxford University.