Rafael E. De Hoyos is a lead economist in the education unit for Latin America and the Caribbean of the World Bank. He has published in peer-reviewed journals and advised governments on school-based management, evaluation policies, strategies to reduce dropout rates, and other topics, and is a member of the World Development Report 2018: Realizing the Promise of the Education. Previously, he was the chief of advisers to the underminister of education in Mexico (2008-11). Before joining the underministry, he worked in the Development Economics Vice Presidency at the World Bank (2006–08), at the Judge Business School at the University of Cambridge (2005–06), and as a consultant for the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean in Mexico and at the United Nations World Institute for Development Economics Research in Finland. He holds an MA in development from the University of Sussex and a PhD in economics from the University of Cambridge.