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价值一千亿美元的创意——挖掘移民潜力,为发展融资

Dilip Ratha's picture
版本: English
本文为纪念12月18日国际移民日而写。

2015年势必将成为发展融资年。除了官方援助和私人资本流之外 —— 前者有望减少,后者有望继续呈现变化或周期性,另有一些潜力挖掘不足的融资途径与国际移民直接有关。

每年有可能通过以下途径筹集到高达1000亿美元资金(实际上,这一数字可能更大):

  • 调动离散居民存款——400亿美元
  • 降低汇款费用——300亿美元
  • 降低招聘成本——200亿美元
  • 动员离散居民捐款——100亿美元

可以通过以下途径进一步撬动汇款用于发展融资:

  • 未来汇款债券化
  • 提升各国主权信用评级
  • 汇款与存款和保险挂钩

#GlobalDev: What Caught Your Attention in 2014?

Donna Barne's picture

What fascinated people most about global development in 2014?  A look at the most popular World Bank Group content on social media and the web may offer some insight. We’ve compiled a selection of the Bank’s top 10 most liked, viewed, and favorited posts on Twitter, Instagram, Tumblr, YouTube, and the web. Have a look and tell us your top development issues of 2014.

Videos
The Bank’s most-watched video featured Chief Economist Kaushik Basu explaining shared prosperity.

10 Years After the Tsunami: What We Lost and What We Learned

Sri Mulyani Indrawati's picture

What I remember most of the first hours after learning about the tsunami was radio silence. Aceh, it seemed, had ceased to exist. The limited infrastructure in Indonesia’s northernmost province was decimated and none of the survivors was able to update the outside world.
 
To understand the scope of what had happened I flew to Aceh the following day. Since then I have carried with me indelible images of survivors who had nothing left but the clothes on their bodies. There were remnants of lives swept away, of loved ones who disappeared, and a desert of mud and debris beyond repair.
 
The death toll kept on rising for weeks. In the end, of the over 230,000 people who died in 14 countries, 220,000 were from Aceh. We estimated the disaster had caused damage worth $4.45 billion.
 
Ten years after the tsunami, I remember the loss of lives not only as the tragedy it was, but as a moment that changed the way the world manages disasters. I take some consolation from the fact that people survive disasters more often today because of the lessons we learned from the tsunami that affected so many of my fellow Indonesians. 
 
There are three conclusions that are critical to our experience.                  

A Call to Youth to Contribute Ideas on Financing the Post-2015 Agenda

Farida Wael Aboulmagd's picture
Ideas 4 Action Competition

​The World Bank Group and the Wharton School of Business are co-sponsoring “Ideas for Action,” a competition to mobilize youth across the development community to invent, foster, and inspire innovative solutions to financing development post-2015.

Nearly half the world’s population is under 25 – 2.9 billion people. Today’s youth will be responsible for delivering the post-2015 development agenda, also known as the Sustainable Development Goals, which will replace the Millennium Development Goals when they expire at the end of 2015. The new goals will be more ambitious, covering a broad range of interconnected issues, from sustainable economic growth to social issues to global public goods. To realize this vision, an equally ambitious plan for financing and implementation is needed.

Teams are self-selected and made up of three to five members, ages ranging from 18 to 35 years old. The deadline for submissions is Jan. 31, 2015. Finalists will be announced on April 5, 2015, and the winners on March 30, 2015. Winners will be given an opportunity to influence the post-2015 financing discussions and its implementation.

Meet the winners and finalists of the first WBG Big Data Innovation Challenge!

Adarsh Desai's picture
I’m happy to announce and share the list of the winners and finalists of the first WBG Big Data Innovation Challenge. We remain open to partnerships to help push forward any and all of these initiatives.
 
Winning finalists (ordered by Global Practice name):
  1. Erick Fernandes, Agriculture: Big Data for Climate Smart Agriculture - Enhancing & Sustaining Rice Systems for Latin America and the World.

Remittances: A Gateway to Financial Inclusion for Poor People

Gloria M. Grandolini's picture
Also available in: العربية | Español | Français
As the United Nations marks International Migrants Day, it’s worth remembering that over 230 million people in the world are migrants. Whether they’re mothers or fathers, daughters or sons, wives or  husbands,  they left home to look for work elsewhere, usually abroad, to support families left behind.

More Work Needed to Make Labor Migration a Safer Option for Youth

Michael Boampong's picture
Also available in: العربية | Español | Français

Roughly 27 million young people leave their country of birth to find employment abroad. Does this trend suggest that migration may be a solution to the worrying situation whereby 60% of young people in developing regions that are either unemployed, not studying, or engaged in irregular employment?

Poland’s Junk Contracts - Or A Tale of Labor Market Duality

Roberta V. Gatti's picture
Warsaw, PolandThe journalist who came up with the name junk contracts for the Civil Law Contracts (CLCs) that now regulate the employment of anywhere between 1 and 1.4 million workers in Poland must have known a thing or two about capturing national sentiment. In a country which skillfully skirted the great recession and continues to display stable growth, the gap between employment conditions of those who work under CLCs and the rest of the labor force is a lightning rod for debate.

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