A Great Day in South Africa for a Development Junkie


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PRETORIA, South Africa - I have to admit it. I’m a bit of a development junkie. For most of my adult life, I’ve been reading thick tomes describing the success or failure of projects. I talk to friends over dinner about development theory. And I can’t stop thinking about what I believe is the biggest development question of all: How do we most effectively deliver on our promises to the poor?

So you can imagine how excited I was to have a day full of meetings with South Africa’s foremost experts on development: the country's ministers of finance, economic development, health, basic education, water and environmental affairs, and rural development and land reform - and then with President Jacob Zuma.

I chose to travel to South Africa as part of my first overseas trip as president of the World Bank Group because of the country’s great importance to the region, continent, and the world. It is the economic engine of Africa, and its story of reconciliation after apartheid is one of the historic achievements of our time.

World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim visits the Mailtronic office in Johannesburg, South Africa. Photo by World Bank.

Deepening our relationship with South Africa

I came to learn about what its leaders see as successes in development that can be used in other countries as well as to hear about its most stubborn challenges. In the end, I wanted to explore how the World Bank could deepen its partnership with the country.

So after several hours of detailed discussions - we covered issues including job creation, climate change, school dropouts, and putting women at the center of economic development - we emerged to hold a news conference across the street from the Union Building, the seat of government.

To my left was Pravin Gordhan, South Africa’s minister of finance since 2009 and one of the leaders of the underground anti-apartheid movement. In several hours of meetings with Minister Gordhan, I found that we share a deep impatience to find solutions to tough development issues and at the press conference, he confirmed that we share a common ancestry - we are both activists.

To my right was Makhtar Diop, the Bank’s eloquent and effective vice president of the Africa region, who had led our efforts in Brazil and Kenya and had been finance minister in his native Senegal.

A special moment

My visit to South Africa was a special visit for several reasons - the extraordinary intelligence and commitment of the officials, the commitment to a much deeper collaboration between the Bank and the South African government (Minister Gordhan would say in the press conference that relations with the Bank were about to enter a “new era”), and the fact that one of the areas of possible collaboration with the government was on an issue dear to my heart: fighting the spread of tuberculosis (TB), especially drug-resistant TB.

For two decades, first at Partners in Health and later as the head of HIV/AIDS programs at the World Health Organization, I was involved in developing policies and programs that secured treatment for people who had contracted the difficult-to-treat multiple drug-resistant TB. I felt that South Africa, with its expertise in treating both HIV/AIDS and TB, could help lead an effort to contain the spread of TB in the region.

Tuberculosis is a major problem in the region and among the highest burden countries in the world, five are in Southern Africa. Here, controlling TB is made much more difficult because of the mobility of workers, especially miners. Miners are seven times more likely to contract TB than the general population and when they travel home on holidays from South Africa to Lesotho or Swaziland, they will often stop taking their medication and in the process, their strains can develop drug resistance and be passed to family members.

What we can do

The Bank is in a great position to make a difference in tackling TB in the region. We have the world’s deepest bench of development experts and much of the problem is related to systems, not necessarily medical care. To effectively follow people with TB throughout the region, we will need to improve communications, laboratories, and other elements of infrastructure, an area where we have lots of expertise. We can convene all the relevant partners and help to build a truly regional response to an epidemic that does not respect borders.

I spoke a bit about TB and miners at the press conference and I left South Africa with great optimism that, in collaboration with global partners and health experts in South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and other southern African countries, we could push forward a regional effort to stop the spread of TB and save many lives.

What a great trip for a development junkie! How privileged we all are at the World Bank to work every day to boost prosperity and end poverty.


One other important thought: I also visited the Mailtronic Direct Marketing factory, a family-owned direct mail business. The Moodley family started out with six employees in 1991 in its garage. Since 2009, the Bank’s International Finance Corporation (IFC), our private sector investment arm, has invested $40 million to Sasfin Bank, which in turn provided a $1.5 million loan to Mailtronic. That allowed the company to purchase high-tech printing presses and software, growing the business to $8.5 million in revenue annually and employing 80 people.

This is a great story, and this is something we need to do more of around the world. The key to our mission of ending poverty and building prosperity is to help hard working entrepreneurs create jobs. The IFC has been that spark plug in South Africa.

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Join the Conversation

September 08, 2012

Dear Jim

I was delighted to hear of your trip to South Africa and your choice to make that beautiful continent your first field destination. Africa is budding with development promise. It's development challenges have however been too great to allow the magnitude of aid and intellectual capacity provided by the global community to make the difference it should. I think what may be missing is the sense of empowerment and ownership that African citizens must have to persuade themselves and their leaders to commit to making Africa a better place by putting the brains and money where the real need is. The poverty of those who do not have combines with greed of those who have, to create a quick-sand effect which often sinks the impact of the much needed infrastructure, educational and gender development programs that are mounted and evaluated for impact year after year in the African countries which sorely need them.

South African leaders, admirable though they are for their past political achievements, need to channel their activism towards more socio-economic transformation. The country is indeed positioned to lead development in the continent, both by example and the impetus it can muster. Not enough is being done on education, health and housing in South Africa given the potential within government coffers and intellectual capacity. With the world's deepest development bench of experts supporting a genuine push by South Africa to become the catalyst and engine of continent wide pro-poor growth, the sky would indeed me the limit. I do hope the good discussion you had with South Africa leaders will lead to a partnership of action.

I lived in South Africa for at least two decades. During your trip you may have only seen the bright side. The government's marble floored sophisticated offices, and the factories. There is a very dark side to South Africa. It is the side that has of people living on the city streets, in urban slums and in rural areas- way below any poverty line- just above the thread of survival that lies between life and death. These people have very no hope, no options and get attention only when politicians come by to encourage them to buy some home with their votes. I think you should insist on seeing the full picture of any country that you visit when presented with itineraries that are designed to show case only the successes and what is working. From one development junkie to another, I would say that development is about understanding what is not working, why, what has been tried in the past and what people with the problem can be empowered to do to make things work and deliver a better future. Seeing the bright side of countries does not invoke the very difficult development questions that lead to innovative solutions

September 15, 2012

Sir i must congratulate you for your effort and willingness to acquaint yourself with Africa at your earliest moments in office as the World Bank president. This in essence speaks volume on your attachment and commitment to wipe out the myriads problems bedevilling this continent. Indeed it is not easy to understand the plight of this continent without coming down to meet us and in particular the most affected:the poor. Your presence here, was a pointer to many things to come and we look forward to the same in the future. Thank you Sir for the gesture and we would encourage not to stop from doing the same in the future.

Hal Z Zhao
September 16, 2012

Very nice article!

Luca Bandiera
September 10, 2012

There is no reference to the fact that the same Government has recently opened fire and killed striking miners. I hope the World Bank is not so policy neutral to remain silent on the issue.

September 10, 2012

The other area highlighted by the Finance Minister in your visit to SA was how to create SUSTAINABLE jobs for the YOUTH in the country. Given your experience in the Academic world (Dartmouth College for instance)what sort of career paths do you recommend the country/region's youths should take in order to archive the follwoing 3 things simultaneously 1)Job creation, 2)job retention and 3) real economic growth and contrubution.
Secondly given the recently published Education ratings where South Africa has been rated the 4th worst in areas of Maths and English in basic education, to what extent do you think this plays a part in the lack of job retention in the country and Region as a whole?

September 10, 2012

Very exciting and refreshing blog... feels like I am physically witnessing these conversations and being part of the President's tour.

Oklahoma doctor INTEGRIS Baptist
January 18, 2013

Right,Good to see these useful info here..Thanks a lot for sharing them with us….