In the last few years, CSA—which is an approach to agriculture that boosts productivity and resilience, and reduces GHG emissions- has gained momentum as understanding of its critical importance to the food system has risen. Nearly every government representative and farmer I meet during my missions (most recently in Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan) expresses genuine interest in making CSA part of their farming routines and agricultural sector.
This momentum is reflected in the Bank’s own actions. Since the Bank started tracking CSA in 2011, our CSA investments have grown steadily, reaching a record US$ 1 billion in 2017. We expect to maintain and even increase that level next year as our efforts to scale up CSA intensify.
The $420 million project, which aims to deliver CSA in the state of Maharashtra, will benefit over 25 million smallholders working on 3.5 million hectares of land. To help farmers, the project will provide Agro-meteorological weather advisory services to inform long-term watershed management planning and support water storage and high-efficiency water distribution investments. These actions should improve water security on farms. The project will also incentivize crop diversification, expand adoption of drought-tolerant seed and promote management practices aimed at enhancing soil health.
There’s no doubt that CSA could be transformative for Maharashtra state, which has been especially vulnerable to climate change—in 2016, 29,000 villages declared drought in the state. What I find equally promising and exciting is the potential for this project’s benefits to extend far beyond its intended beneficiaries. It’s true that the project breaks new ground for the Bank because of its massive scale. But it’s also groundbreaking because by simultaneously supporting interventions both at the farm- and watershed level, as well as upstream and downstream along agriculture value-chains it will show countries that CSA can be done at scale and that it will be transformative for farmers and the food system. We’re optimistic that it will open the door to even larger and more ambitious CSA engagements, both in India and in all our partner countries.
In our view, this project is just the start of applying CSA at scale and making it “The New Normal” in agriculture.
We’re developing at least 19 more profiles, as well as climate-smart agriculture investment plans, which are step-by-step guides for countries on how to scale-up CSA. Our CSA project in Niger, another landmark for the Bank, has provided 123,000 farmers access to drought tolerant seeds and trained 60 mayors on CSA implementation to date. In Zambia, we’re supporting the government’s efforts to scale up CSA through a project that has delivered US$ 814,000 in carbon payments to farmer groups that are reducing forest loss and promoting CSA. Our engagements in Kenya, Sri-Lanka and China are also helping to scale up CSA.
And there’s more to come.