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Poverty is a worldwide historical subject that is the eternal theme of economics . The historical development of human society is an anti-poverty history. The formation mechanism of the poor , scholars from different angles for a useful exploration. From an economic , social, cultural , institutional and geographical environment , the individual perspective of six existing theories to sort out and make comments .

Keywords: poverty ; formation mechanism ; Review

Poverty is associated with development of human society and long-term problems . In the early stages of development of human society , people long to fight hunger and poverty . With the changing technology and systems , especially in the 20th century, the world an unprecedented technological and economic development, social productivity and people's living standards improving rapidly , production and living conditions gradually improved, the scope and scale of poverty shrinking . However, does not eliminate the problem of poverty between different countries , different sectors of the same country are increasing social polarization between rich and poor was widening gap , worldwide poverty is still very serious , and become increasingly prominent socio-economic problems , even become a source of social conflict and unrest .

Behind this widespread phenomenon of poverty has a profound causes . The reason for both economic aspects , but also social aspects , as well as geographical environment and other factors . Many foreign economists and scholars from different perspectives on poverty formation mechanism was studied , but also formed a number of important academic achievements . This article from the economic, social, cultural , institutional and geographical environment , the individual perspective of six existing theories to sort out and make a comment.