Putting women’s health and empowerment at the center of development

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Registered nurses look after newborns at a maternity hospital in Freetown Sierra Leone. © Dominic Chavez/World Bank
Registered nurses look after newborns at a maternity hospital in Freetown Sierra Leone. © Dominic Chavez/World Bank


Last week on World Population Day, I was thinking of the joy of children and the right of women to decide when to have them. It matters to women, but it matters to society as a whole. There can be no sustainable development without women’s empowerment, and there can be no women’s empowerment without access to comprehensive maternal and reproductive health services. Family planning is part of them.

At the London Family Planning Summit, more than 60 partners came together and pledged over $2 billion to ensure that 120 million more women and girls get access to voluntary family planning services by 2020. It is the right thing to do, and it is also the smart thing to do. The economy of the future demands women’s full participation. Deciding whether, when and how many children to have is one of the most basic decisions a woman can make, and it determines how effectively she can participate in the economic life of her society. One study in Bangladesh found that communities with access to family planning had 30% lower child mortality, 40% higher wages among women and 25% more physical assets per adult than communities that did not.

Despite the need and the fact that it makes economic sense to invest in family planning, public-sector investment in family planning in lower middle income countries amounts to just 17%. Fifty-four percent of the cost of contraceptives is paid out-of-pocket by users, which means women are paying for their own care. Development partners, who have not made sustained commitments to this issue, also bear responsibility for a large and growing financing gap. This is unacceptable and unsustainable.
 
This is why I was especially pleased to hear not just Ministers of Health but also Ministers of Finance from Nigeria, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Sierra Leone, Malawi, Uganda, and Bangladesh agreeing that family planning is crucial for the long-term success of their economies and societies. Family planning by any measure is a ‘best buy’ in development. 
 
The World Bank has been investing in family planning as part of comprehensive reproductive and maternal health services for decades. In the last IDA cycle, the Bank’s arm to help the poorest countries, we have invested nearly $1 billion in reproductive and maternal health and $4 billion to strengthen health systems essential for delivering all priority services, including family planning. A regional initiative we launched in 2015 called SWEDD, working with UNFPA in the six countries of the Sahel region in Africa, includes reproductive health and nutrition services, education and skills for girls, strong safety nets, community-based behavior change interventions, and high level advocacy.

Since 2015, we have also stewarded the creation of the Global Financing Facility (GFF), housed at the Bank, which is the main financing arm of the UN Secretary General’s Every Woman Every Child initiative to reach the global SDG goals on maternal, newborn and child health and family planning. The GFF relies on country-created investment cases to cohesively pull in funding from domestic resources, development partners and the private sector. Each dollar from the GFF Trust Fund is catalytic, linking to $4 in IDA concessional financing.
 
The successful model of the GFF, as well as the scale of IDA 18, offers us all a major opportunity now to make good on the promise of sustainable financing for women and children’s health. This is especially true in countries with the highest need, and in fragile and conflict-affected areas, where women and girls face even higher barriers trying to access basic health services. I came away from London convinced that now is the time to combine ambition with innovation and scale on this issue.

Join the Conversation

Dr Mrs Ojo oladoyin
July 28, 2017

Family Planning is good for SDG as it would help cub Population explotion and eradicate poverty,hunger,reduce maternal mortality and help improve child health.Every Government should support it.

Doris Ememonu
July 31, 2017

Having gone through the update I must say that I totally concur with this initiative. And this must seriously be concentrated at the grassroot. Most women or rather couple in the rural areas end up with up to 6 children even when the income of the family is not even up to the minimum wage as in the case of Nigeria. This has greatly increased poverty, child abuse and labour, unwanted pregnancy and making the eradication of poverty and population explosion impossible.

Chitimukulu
July 28, 2017

If scaled right, GFF has potential to be the difference-maker. The $4 in IDA concessional financing is a great way to incentivize and maximize.

Trevor Clarke
July 28, 2017

Men will feel success sharing in Health financing too.Successful family planning involves all partners including women, men, and the child.I support the World Bank's GFF and IDA 18.

Hasifa Nantumbwe
July 31, 2017

The information contained in the above webpages has been very essential and directive in principle management an capacity building.<br />
please go on to sensitize the world.<br />
Thanks for your continued support and contribution.

Dr Mrs Ojo oladoyin
July 28, 2017

Family Planning is good for SDG as it would help cub Population explotion and eradicate poverty,hunger,reduce maternal mortality and help improve child health.Every Government should support it.

Doris Ememonu
July 31, 2017

Having gone through the update I must say that I totally concur with this initiative. And this must seriously be concentrated at the grassroot. Most women or rather couple in the rural areas end up with up to 6 children even when the income of the family is not even up to the minimum wage as in the case of Nigeria. This has greatly increased poverty, child abuse and labour, unwanted pregnancy and making the eradication of poverty and population explosion impossible.

Florentino Aramburu Alvaro
July 26, 2017

El Peru esta comsiderado como zona fragil? Si bien mi pais no vive en conflicto permanente, en algunas regiones y sectores marginales la mujer y los niños por su condición de pobres no tienen acceso a estos servicios basicos de los cuales Ud. hace mensión. El Estado y su rol se van desvaneciendo a medida que el acceso a estos servios basicos son cada vez mas alejadas de las areas urbanas, no existen sistemas adecuados para llegar a las poblaciones mas vulnerables y entonces ahi se generan esos nuevos bolsones de nuevos pobres que no tuvieron la minima planificación familiar. Finalmente talvez mi pais si tenga acceso a este financiamiento y mi opinión sea erratica pero con toda certeza debo decir si es asi la cadena burocratica de estos programas igualmente agontan el presupuesto en los salarios de sus funcionarios y lo que queda es casi nada al usuario final: MUJERES Y NIÑOS POBRES no quiero imaginar como se atiende este problema en el AFRICA.

RAOSETA ONY SOA
July 26, 2017

Tout à fait d'accord, mais en rajoutant : après la PF, il leur faut, aux femmes, beaucoup de renforcement de capacité leur permettant d'être convenablement et efficacement productives et productrices.

Chitimukulu
July 28, 2017

If scaled right, GFF has potential to be the difference-maker. The $4 in IDA concessional financing is a great way to incentivize and maximize.

Trevor Clarke
July 28, 2017

Men will feel success sharing in Health financing too.Successful family planning involves all partners including women, men, and the child.I support the World Bank's GFF and IDA 18.

Carlos Olivera
July 28, 2017

Que importante reflexionar que la planificación familiar induce al margen de empoderar a la mujer y al hombre al crecimiento económico y esto incluso apoya en términos macro al desarrollo de países donde se está implementando. Para el caso Perú, cuenta con poblaciones rurales y nativas. Ustedes vienen aplicando este modelo maravilloso en esta parte del continente Americano?, ya que sería de gran ayuda a familias que requieren organizarse y puedan independizarse hacia el mayor logro que es organizarse social y económicamente.

Hasifa Nantumbwe
July 31, 2017

The information contained in the above webpages has been very essential and directive in principle management an capacity building.
please go on to sensitize the world.
Thanks for your continued support and contribution.

BIYIHA XAVIERA
August 08, 2017

Je suis une mobilisatrice communautaire d'un projet qui est axé sur la planification familiale et j'avoue que le planning familiale est une méthode réelle d'engager les femmes et de les booster en ce qui concerne leur autonomisation pourtant l'un des grands challenge auquel nous faisons face sur le terrain est le fait que les femmes de toute les classes sociales parviennent à intégrer que ce n'est pas une méthode des blancs comme elles le dise pour les empêcher d'accoucher, mais la planification familiale a été mise sur pied pour leur frayer une voie de sortie pour leur épanouissement et qu'elle est réellement sans danger avec soit bocou plus de preuve et de témoignage.

Mademoiselle Sinna Mbengue
November 23, 2017

Excellent travail que vous faites dans le monde mais surtout en Afrique ,je suis tous vos activités si bénéfiques pour les Femmes.En effet,je suis jeune chercheuse sénégalaise qui mène des études sur la question du genre et le développement et j'aimerais bien vous voir réagir dans notre pays dont les femmes souffrent énormément.Merci.