There are many factors that miltates against poverity in Africa. I will mention four. First the limited initiative and collective action for such positive change from both African ordinary peoples as well as elites themselves is important. Second, the various policies and actions of the Western states in maintaining Economic, legal and political structures in Africa just to protect the interest of the Western state and peoples is another factor that reproduce poverty in Africa. Third Multinational corporations that have primamry interest in mitigating profit is still another major and emerging factor. Fourth the inability of both the West and the African intelectuals to produce unbiased, relevant knowledge in relation to the situations is still another factor.