It is good to see a move away from a purely instrumentalist economic approach to this issue. The Arab Spring demonstrated that - whilst economic exclusion is a critical issue for the MENA region - it is by no means the only form of exclusion experienced by youth. It is not possible to address economic exclusion properly without addressing the prevailing political and social exclusion which reproduces patterns of inequality in access and opportunity. Solutions need to be holistic and very specific to differing contexts and communities within the youth category. Moreover, they need to engage youth participation in their formulation, not just in their implementation. Giving young people a voice in determining how to address their exclusion is itself inclusionary and enables young people to become the agents of social change. It also offers a pathway to reconstructing the social trust which has been eroded by decades of exclusionary politics. I look forward to seeing where the World Bank goes with this.