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January 2012

Road Accidents in Bangladesh: An Alarming Issue

Tashmina Rahman's picture

At least 46 people were killed and more than 200 injured in 31 road accidents across the country in the last four days including the three-day Eid holiday --- The Daily Star, November 10th 2011.

There has been an alarming rise in road accidents, significantly highway accidents, in Bangladesh over the past few years. According to a study conducted by the Accident Research Centre (ARC) of BUET, road accidents claim on average 12,000 lives annually and lead to about 35,000 injuries. According to World Bank statistics, annual fatality rate from road accidents is found to be 85.6 fatalities per 10,000 vehicles. Hence, the roads in Bangladesh have become deadly!

But these statistics, numerically shocking as they may be, fail to reflect the social tragedy related to each life lost to road accidents. One accident that remains afresh in my memory is the death of 44 school children last July, after the truck they were travelling in skid and fell into a pond. 44 young dreams and hopes lost due to reckless driving. Only a month after this tragedy, Bangladesh lost two brilliant citizens, filmmaker Tareq Masud and journalist Mishuk Munier, to yet another road accident in August.

School Autonomy and Accountability Go Together

Harry A. Patrinos's picture

A recent OECD note on PISA results, School autonomy and accountability: Are they related to student performance?, suggests that greater school autonomy in decisions relating to curricula, assessments and resource allocation tend to be associated with better student performance, particularly when schools operate within a culture of accountability.

#1: The Shift from eGov to WeGov

Aleem Walji's picture

Our Top Ten Blog Posts by Readership in 2011

Originally published on July 20, 2011

Last week, more than 59 governments and 100 civil society groups joined the Government of Brazil and the United States to announce the Open Government Partnership (OGP) in Washington, DC. The initiative brings together nation states, civil society, and the private sector to address problems that Governments are unable to solve alone. Rather than seeing citizens and civil society groups as competitors, governments from the North and South asserted that private actors, commercial and non-profit, are essential partners in solving complex social problems. And this requires a new social contract, a shift from eGov to WeGov.

When context matters

Markus Goldstein's picture

coauthored with Sabrina Roshan

Imagine you are out on a pretest of a survey. Part of the goal is to measure the rights women have over property. The enumerator is trying out a question: "can you keep farming this land if you are to be divorced?" The woman responds: "it depends on whose fault it is." Welcome to yet another land where no one has heard of no-fault divorce.

Kenya's defining year

Wolfgang Fengler's picture

Politicians, pundits, and (sometimes) development practitioners have been arguing that 2012 will be a make-or-break year in Kenya’s history, similar to 1963 or 1992. Is the 2012 challenge real or just a case of pundits playing Cassandra? Specifically there are three challenges coming together.

First are national elections. The last general elections ended in a catastrophe. If the 2012 elections are again violent, Kenya’s image as a peaceful, mature democracy may be tarnished for a generation. Investors and tourists would be even more reluctant to come to Kenya and quick to dismiss the “friends of Kenya” (including your blogger) who strongly believe in the strengths of this country and its medium-term potential.

Unemployment: The Mediterranean effect

Caroline Freund's picture
High unemployment rates in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are well known. What is less well known is that high unemployment characterizes all Mediterranean countries. Using the most recent data in the World Development Indicators, countries with coastlines on the Mediterranean have an average unemployment rate of 12.5%. Average unemployment among the European Mediterranean countries is 13.5% percent (of which, France, Italy, Greece, and Spain average 11%), while unemployment in the MENA Mediterranean averages 10.5%.  

Share your views: What does the Middle East & North Africa region need now?

Esther Lee Rosen's picture
Across the Middle East and North Africa, citizens are demanding a say in the way development choices are made. A year ago, the world watched as people found the power of voice in Tunisia; a year on, the world is challenged to support the aspirations of millions of citizens across the region, reclaiming their dignity. To mark this historical tide, the World Bank will host a live online discussion with Inger Andersen, Vice President of the Bank’s MENA region. Inger invites you to share your views with the World Bank on January 10, 2012 at 7:00 am EST.

Latin America and the Carribean: Mainstreaming Hygiene in Water and Sanitation Public Policies

Children practicing handwashing with soap at a school-based event in PeruPublic and private practitioners from a range of sectors will convene from January 18-20th, 2012 to share lessons and discuss experiences and best practices on integrating hygiene in water and sanitation policy in Latin America and the Carribean.Topics include: Evidence of the effectiveness of ongoing theories and models of behavioral change; how to identify the determinants of behavioral change to feed communication design; and how to integrate behavioral change on hygiene in the public policy.


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