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May 2012

eBay Scholarships and Engineering for Kindergarteners: New Paths toward Tertiary Education

Jamil Salmi's picture

В Таджикистане на оказание услуг первичной медико-санитарной помощи (ПМСП) расходуется лишь 27% государственных затрат в секторе здравоохранения. При этом на ПМСП в среднем по стране приходится более 70% всех обращений граждан.

Учитывая такой дисбаланс, с апреля 2014 года в республике проходит предпилотная стадия внедрения нового механизма финансирования ПМСП — финансирования по результатам деятельности (ФРД), которое должно существенно улучшить качество и охват услуг в указанной сфере. Особый акцент на настоящей стадии делается на предотвращение и раннее выявление заболеваний, относящихся к охране здоровья матери и ребенка, и неинфекционных заболеваний.

Tajik women and a child


Framing Governance on “People, Spaces, Deliberation”

Anne-Katrin Arnold's picture

So, what’s governance anyway? No, don’t ask me for a definition. I can, however, tell you how we frame it. People, Spaces, Deliberation has been around for about four years now, and we hope we have made our modest contribution to the discussion of governance, especially in a development context.

To give an idea about how we frame governance, I took a look at the tags we use most frequently for our posts. Each post in which the tag occurred was counted. And here it is: Governance, on this blog, is about, first and foremost, public opinion and accountability. It’s also about the media as institutions of accountability and media development, about transparency, about fighting corruption, about social media – and about communication.  

Nepal: Using maps as visualization tools to improve operational effectiveness

Mirella Hernani's picture

People in Maghreb and Mashreq countries, long used to being muzzled by their authoritarian regimes, are rising up to make their voices heard. This movement — if one can call it that — started first in Tunisia with the self-immolation of an unemployed street vendor. This desperate act by Mohamed Bouazizi, a poor 26 year-old university graduate without a steady job to support his family, brought out into the open the seething resentment of ordinary Tunisians at the 23 year rule of President Ben Ali.

In Africa, Seizing Carbon Finance Opportunities

Harikumar Gadde's picture

World Bank | Arne Hoel - هل سيقبل الفلسطينيون من شباب ونساء بالعمل المجزأ كوظائف ومصدر للدخل؟

يكمن التحدي الذي يواجه التوجهات والمناهج الجديدة للتنمية في توفر القدر القليل من أمثلة الحياة الواقعية للاسترشاد بها أو حتى الاستفادة منها. وعلى عكس التوجهات التنموية المتبعة حاليا، فإن البيانات، والأدلة والتجارب الدولية أو أفضل الممارسات التي يتم التعلم أو الاستفادة منها عادة ما تكون محدودة في حالة التوجهات التطويرية الجديدة.  وهذه هي الصعوبة التي نواجهها الآن بينما نعمل على استكشاف جدوى العمل المجزأ في الأراضي الفلسطينية.

Distorted Prices in Commodity Markets

Otaviano Canuto's picture

The volatility in commodity prices continues. Sure, they have come down in the last few days on Eurozone crisis fears but, all in all, they remain volatile, and in the case of food, very high. One of the reasons for this is that world commodity markets–particularly those for agricultural commodities—have become highly distorted.

“So what?” you may ask. Well, distorted price levels and excess price volatility are detrimental to producers and consumers alike.

When to use insiders or outsiders as survey interviewers

Jed Friedman's picture
Photo: Kavya Bhat/Flickr
As a railway expert working for the World Bank, I engage with many client countries that are looking to expand or upgrade their railway systems. Whenever someone pitches a railway investment, my first question is always, “What are your trains going to carry?” I ask this question because it is fundamental to railway financing. 

Railways are very capital intensive and increasingly need to attract financing from the private sector to be successful. That is why the World Bank recently updated its Railway Toolkit to include more information and case studies on railway financing. Here, in a nutshell are the key lessons about railway financing from this update. 

What Can South Asia Do to Make the Big Leap?

Ejaz Ghani's picture

Studies on conflict prediction and prevention often investigate places that experience civil war and try to determine why they occurred, with the idea that knowing the answer can inform policymaking efforts. This approach has two weaknesses. First, it provides an incomplete understanding of conflict, as there are no comparisons between these observed cases and a set of systematically chosen and similar peers. Second, it does not answer the question of whether the international community can identify risk factors in time to do anything about them.

Caste Disadvantage, or Gender and Urban bias? Educational Mobility in Post-reform India

Forhad Shilpi's picture

Anybody who has been through the California school system, like me, will immediately recognize the phrase, “Stop, Duck, and Cover” to mean one thing – EARTHQUAKE!  On a lucky day, it would be a drill, but we’d often get the real deal.  Not that we didn’t learn other things in school, but preparing for natural disasters, in our case earthquakes, was an integral part of our education in California.  As soon as I would hear this phrase, I knew to stop what I was doing, duck down under my school desk, and clasp my hands together and cover the back of my neck to protect it from falling debris.    

Learning from or repeating the past? Industrial Zones in India (Pt 1)

To sustain its impressive growth rates, the Government of India is looking for new sources of growth. Last year, the Cabinet approved an ambitious new National Manufacturing Policy (NMP). The policy, which is awaiting ratification, aims to create 100 million jobs and to increase the share of manufacturing in GDP from 16 percent to 25 percent within a decade. At the center of the policy are National Investment and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZs), large industrial townships that offer special incentives and infrastructure to attract businesses.

This is not the first time the Indian government has turned to zones to deliver on its economic goals. India’s Special Economic Zones (SEZ) Act of 2005 was launched amid hopes that it would help boost exports, FDI, and job creation. However, the SEZ Act met with mixed results and widespread controversy.

Today, we are kicking off a 2-part blog series that explores the possibilities—and potential pitfalls—of industrial zones. In this installment, we answer: Why did the SEZ Act fall short? On Thursday, we will assess the prospects of  the proposed NIMZs.

Reviewing the Results

When the SEZ Act of 2005 was announced, there was an outpouring of interest from developers. Yet, as seen in the chart, by 2010 only twenty percent of all approved SEZs had become operational. Targets for jobs were not met.  What happened?  No single factor explains it in full, but several, from a lack of connecting infrastructure to the political economy of land, came together to prevent the Act’s original goals being met.