On August 25, 2008, the Philippine Professional Regulatory Commission released statistics indicating nearly half a million Filipino nurses are unemployed (see news).
The six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are experiencing an economic boom due to high oil prices. These countries also have some of the highest immigration rates in the world. According to this Economist article, these governments are becoming increasingly anxious at the erosion of their national cultures.
The impact of sea level rise from global warming could be catastrophic for many developing countries. The World Bank estimates that even a one meter rise would turn at least 56 million people in the developing world into environmental refugees.
Not only do countries need to start planning and implementing measures for adaptation, but the international community and some countries will need to devise an immigration strategy how to deal with populations who will be forced to resettle due to climate change.
When we visited a poor village in Qingxing county of north Guangdong a few weeks ago to work on a study of inequality, I was struck by the severity of poverty in places only a few hours away from the most dynamic and prosperous Pearl River Delta. One family that we visited had almost no furniture. Another only lived on 90 yuan (US$13) per month from the social assistance program.
Migrant remittances provide a lifeline to the poor in many countries. Migration and remittances will continue to increase with globalization. The policy agenda on remittances and that on migration overlap a great deal, but the overlap is not complete. Remittances provide the most tangible and least controversial link between migration and development. They can play an effective role in reducing poverty, and they provide a convenient angle for approaching the complex migration agenda.
|Only pedestrians and bikes are allowed on Pingyao's main street.|
According to the Bank's recently published Migration and Remittances Factbook, the Top 10 remittance recipients in East Asia & Pacific in 2007 were: China ($25.7 bn), Philippines ($17.0 bn), Indonesia ($6.0 bn), Vietnam ($5.0 bn), Thailand ($1.7 bn), Malaysia ($1.7 bn), Cambodia ($0.3 bn), Mongolia ($0.2 bn), Fiji ($0.2 bn), Myanmar ($0.1 bn).