During my visits to the Kyrgyz Republic I am always surprised to talk with people who fondly reminisce about the economy during Soviet times. Taxi drivers nostalgically describe traffic coming to a stop as factories changed shifts. I guess I should be less surprised, given that, prior to 1991, the Kyrgyz Republic produced almost exclusively for the Soviet Union.
With the fall of the Soviet Union, much of Russia’s demand disappeared and many firms in the country closed during the 1990s. Although the industrial sector has begun a revival over the last few years - with garment shops and private enterprises expanding - the service sector now dominates in the country - accounting for approximately 54% of GDP and 64% of jobs.
Following two rounds of low PISA test results, the government became concerned about skills more broadly and how those skills might affect employment outcomes.But, little was known about skills in the country