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WDR 2016

Education provides the analogue foundation for our digital lives

Michael Trucano's picture
Новая система линий электропередачи CASA-1000 позволит странам Центральной Азии экспортировать и продавать излишки производимой ими электроэнергии в страны Южной Азии. Автор фото: Всемирный банк



Церемонии открытия, состоявшиеся в среду в Душанбе, Таджикистан, для запуска строительных работ в рамках проекта CASA-1000 знаменуют собой важную веху. Проект может содействовать развитию торговли устойчивой электроэнергией между Центральной и Южной Азией, способствовать преодолению дефицита электроэнергии в Афганистане и Пакистане, предоставит финансирование для новых инвестиций и улучшит электроснабжение в зимнее время в странах Центральной Азии.

В основе этого амбициозного проекта стоимостью 1,17 миллиарда долларов США лежит простая идея
 

Labor market polarization in developing countries: challenges ahead

Indhira Santos's picture
Financial Markets…Global equities moved higher on Tuesday amid promising earnings reports from Asian, European, and U.S. companies and a rise in Euro-zone consumer and business confidence in July. Investors are currently turning their focus to this week’s three central bank meetings (the U.S. Federal Reserve, European Central Bank, and Bank of England). The MSCI Asia Pacific Index gained 0.5% with the index gearing for a monthly gain of 2.5%, while the Stoxx Europe 600 Index added 0.2%, extending its July gain to 5.1%. U.S.

Where World Bank-funded digital technology projects are more successful

Ravi Kumar's picture

América Latina, en la encrucijada de la política monetaria/ Banco Mundial 


Cuando asumí el cargo de Economista Jefe para Latinoamérica y el Caribe en el Banco Mundial hace casi un año, una de las tareas que me propuse fue que los estudios de alta calidad que se preparan en mi oficina (soy muy afortunado de contar con un excelente equipo de investigadores) lleguen a la mayor audiencia posible.  Para mí, como economista, es fácil intercambiar puntos de vista con mis colegas o amigos de la academia. ¿Pero qué pasa con el resto de la gente?  Después de todo, nuestro principal propósito es compartir con todo el público -y no sólo economistas- qué está pasando en nuestra región, cuáles son los principales problemas que enfrentamos, y qué debemos hacer para seguir creciendo en forma inclusiva y continuar reduciendo la pobreza y desigualdad social.

How can we leverage digital technology for financial inclusion?

Solvej Krause's picture



Despite transformative innovations in digital technologies, the digital divide is still substantial. What can be done to spread digital dividends - that is, the broader development benefits of digital technologies – more widely? How can digital technologies contribute to the World Bank Group’s twin goals of eradicating extreme poverty and increasing shared prosperity?
 
As this year’s World Development Report on “Digital Dividends” notes, digital finance is likely to play a key role in answering these questions. One of the main messages of the report is that digital development is not a matter of access alone.
 
Digital connectivity is key, but it is only a starting point for successful digital development. It is as important to strengthen other factors that interact with technology - such as responsible regulation and accountable institutions - in order to make digital technologies work for the poor. The World Development Report calls these other factors the ‘analog complements’ to digital technologies, which fall into three categories: regulation, skills, and institutions. 

Why have the digital revolution’s broader benefits fallen short for development?

Deepak K. Mishra's picture

The rapid spread of digital technologies has been a development success. But has it also resulted in successful development? No, not when the basic foundations of economic development are missing, argues the World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends.

Increased prosperity and our incessant desire to stay connected have contributed to the rapid spread of digital technologies. More households in developing countries own a mobile phone than have access to electricity or clean water. Nearly 70 percent of the bottom-fifth of the population in developing countries own a mobile phone. The number of Internet users has more than tripled in the last decade—from 1 billion in 2005 to an estimated 3.2 billion at the end of 2015.  

Read the rest of this blog here.

Myth or fact? New WDR examines the potential of digital technologies for development

Maja Andjelkovic's picture


Pop quiz: Which of these statements do you agree with?
 
  1. If you build “IT” they will come.
  2. Poor people don’t need mobile phones. They need clean water and food instead.
  3. Digital skills are only relevant for people who work in the ICT sector. The rest of us don’t need them.
 

Fear the disconnection, not the machine

Siddhartha Raja's picture
Allô École! training for parents, primary school, Tshikapa, DRC. (Photo: Ornella Nsoki / Moonshot Global, Sandra Gubler / Voto Mobile Inc., Samy Ntumba / La Couronne)


Mobile solutions for better governance in education

Let’s look at these pictures together: villagers examining a poster, teachers putting a similar poster on the wall, adding a number to it; government officials choosing designs for a dashboard with a help of a technician.  None of these can be described as “cutting-edge technology” but these photos show moments in the life of a cutting-edge, disruptive project.

It’s the kind of project that works technical innovation into the lives of citizens and incentives to respond to the needs of these citizens into the workflows of government officials. 

Allô, École! is a mobile platform funded by Belgian Development Cooperation and executed by the Ministry of education of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), with the help of the World Bank.

The Digital Divide: a challenge to overcome in tackling climate change

John Roome's picture
The old saw goes: when you have a hammer, everything looks like a nail.    But what if the best way to fix your broken policy is actually a bolt?   I was recently at a workshop where someone was presenting preliminary results of an evaluation cash transfer program which, while perhaps started with social protection kind of objectives in mind, actually seems to have had impacts on business creation and revenues that dwarfed your average business training program or microfinance program. 
 

Operationalizing the WDR

Pierre Guislain's picture
This is the story of an idea. In fact, of a very simple and creative idea that is having huge impact on the way people move. This idea is helping reduce travel time, save money and increase the connectivity of big and small cities.
 
A map of South Korea's rest areas
and transfer points

So who is behind this brilliant idea? Actually, it is rather something that we all take for granted in developed countries, as well as some developing countries’ expressways or highways: the rest area.

We normally associate rest areas with a quick stop for food, gas or other necessities. But what if these rest areas could add even more value to transportation, and without huge expenses? This is precisely what the South Korean government did back in 2010 when it opened the first “Regional Buses to Regional Buses Transfer Centers,” utilizing rest areas along expressways. The idea was gestated at the Korea Transport Institute (KOTI), one of the partners of the World Bank’s Transport and ICT global practice.

Since 2010, rest areas have played an effective role as “sub-hubs,” or transfer centers for regional buses, which in turn have more than doubled the number of regional routes, increasing the accessibility to smaller cities, and all this without having to go through the capital Seoul, where there is often too much traffic and congestion.

We know that bus transport is a more effective transportation mode than individual cars, particularly in terms of moving more people and reducing congestion and pollution. But in Korea, as well as other countries, there are several reasons why bus transport is less favored than cars, but one of the most important is a lack of accessibility to smaller cities. That is to say, bus transport cannot provide door-to-door service. In fact, accessibility in regional bus transport is worse than within cities mainly because regional buses tend to operate mostly non-stop services between larger cities.

How the WDR16 Policy Framework is applied in the Union of Comoros

Tim Kelly's picture
A water tap in Rwanda.
Photo credit: A'Melody Lee / World Bank

Also available in 中文

In developing countries, roughly 45 million cubic meters of water are lost daily with an economic value of over US$3 billion per year.

A World Bank study puts the global estimate of physical water losses at 32 billion cubic meters each year, half of which occurs in developing countries. Water utilities suffer from the huge financial costs of treating and pumping water only to see it leak back into the ground, and the lost revenues from water that could have otherwise been sold. If the water losses in developing countries could be halved, the saved water would be enough to supply around 90 million people.

We refer to it as non-revenue water (NRW), or water that is pumped and then lost or unaccounted for.

The need to manage NRW better and protect precious water resources has become increasingly important. Non-revenue water (NRW) management allows utilities to expand and improve service, enhance financial performance, make cities more attractive, increase climate resilience and reduce energy consumption.


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