The World Bank Group (WBG) has established that its mission, endorsed by the governors of its client countries, is centered around the goals of sustainably ending extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity. Extreme poverty is monitored by the percent of people living below the $1.25-a-day threshold. The Bank’s mission thus gives a clear message: Extreme poverty, hunger, destitution must come to an end.
To monitor progress in shared prosperity, the WBG will track the income growth of the bottom 40 percent of the population in each country. The clear signal the WBG wants to give is that the institutional mission is about reducing poverty, fostering growth and increasing equity, so we need to monitor what happens to welfare of the less well off in every country. Improving averages is not enough; a laser focus on those who are at the bottom of the distribution at all times, everywhere, is needed.