Thanks, Emre, for these excellent points. I’m pretty optimistic about us being able to come up with indicators to track progress toward UHC. I’ll go live with some ideas soon. And at its core UHC is pretty easy to understand—it’s about ensuring everyone gets the health services they need, and ensuring nobody has to put their family at financial risk to get the health services they need. The more difficult bit to monitor is the “service coverage” part—ensuring everyone gets the care services they need (the financial coverage bit is easier to measure.) Some aspects of service coverage—e.g. prevention—are fairly easy to track. Tracking coverage of appropriate treatment is much harder, since it requires seeing what goes on during a consultation. But we’ve made a lot of progress in this area (see my post on my colleague Jishnu Das’s work http://bit.ly/QCF0Nl) although it does suggest that getting at quality through structure indicators isn’t going to be the answer. While I think UHC has a lot to commend it as a unifying theme for the health system, it’s only that. Ultimately we’re concerned about health outcomes and living standards, and we clearly shouldn’t stop tracking those. I think there’s a consensus growing on that—see my post on the WHO-World Bank ministerial meeting on UHC at http://bit.ly/YFJ9Cn.