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An excellent post Mr. Wagstaff and a very compelling case to make UHC part of the post-2015 agenda. I especially like the three essential, salient you might say, concepts you outline - equity, financial protection and quality of care. It is interesting that Mrs. Gauri commented with an example about heart surgery from India, where, sadly, those three vary across regions, cities, and private and public sectors. In our work of building capacity at pediatric cardiac centers in India and other countries we have found that the discrepancies there are even more pronounced, as pediatric cardiac services typically are not high revenue generating and are often crowded out by adult services. Yet, the need for those has always existed (1 in 120 children will be born with a congenital heart defect) and there is no known prevention. The Indian government recently announced a screening program for congenital defects but they did not discuss what infrastructure there will be to meet the newly created demand for health service by this program. Very few comprehensive pediatric heart centers with capability for infant and newborn heart surgery exist in the government sector. The centers in the private sector are expensive and essentially out of reach for the average family. It is also important to recognize that the existing centers are all clustered in selected metros and in states with relatively better human development indices. So to go back to your topic - UHC is a great goal but it will require a lot of investment - infrastructure, well trained human resources, a good screening and referral network and good preventive programs, where feasible. The question is - are all countries ready to finance this endeavor and where is the funding going to come from.