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  • Reply to: Keeping score   1 day 18 hours ago

    Thanks for your comment, Anter, we appreciate the positive feedback. If you’re interested in learning more about the World Bank’s results, please take a look at the Bank’s results website at

  • Reply to: Keeping score   1 week 1 day ago

    Dear Hart,

    I have made sneak peak to the digital Corporate Scorecard, it looks very easy, understandable, user friendly, and self explanatory.

    Really it is a very huge effort, good luck.

  • Reply to: For Pi Day, some pie charts on learning   1 week 1 day ago

    thanks. very interesting

  • Reply to: Being open-minded about universal basic income   1 month 1 week ago

    Implicit in the basic income idea is that this is a transfer of cash so that individuals and households will spend basic incomes in the market on the basis of their own preferences. Sounds good in principle, but the idea has different meanings. For example egalitarians see it as a route to gender equality and eliminating income inequalities; libertarians on the other hand view basic income as a way of reducing the state and 'burdens' associated with labour market regulation. Which ever 'lens' one chooses, there are two fundamental challenges that cut across all countries irrespective of level of per capita income (1) basic income is a strategy for distribution without a strategy for production whereas existing social security systems in MICs and HICs - and safety nets in LICs - are expected to complement labour market participation and not to replace it; (2) markets do not work well, even in high income countries( and not all social risks - such as the need for long term or child protection measures - are amenable to social insurance instruments. Thus there are are least five policy areas, in HICs, where distributing cash may not suffice: health, social care, housing and food. For health and social care it is widely accepted that a public system is needed, and needs to be financed by taxes or social insurance by the state. Likewise housing is poorly served by the market with high and low rents which generates exclusion through shortages of supply. This calls for state intervention beyond a basic allowance for housing costs. In LIC settings, market imperfections are numerous. Thus any consideration of basic income has to be considered alongside the broader provision of public goods. The idea of universal basic income hold much appeal, but is not obvious that it will give a much better outcome than improvement and expansion of existing social protection systems. A more worthwhile endeavour might focus on productive employment, the relationships between taxation and benefits (e.g., EUROMOD), and pre-distribution programmes( education and TVET, early child development, child protection, and long term care for the growing elderly population). Such an approach might help the World Bank move away from its traditional SP silos (pensions, cash transfers) and being to look at holistic systems of social protection. This where the need for fresh thunking and new approaches is greatest.

  • Reply to: Financial incentives in health: supply- vs. demand-side. Your help is needed!   2 months 1 week ago
    Hi Bruno,

    Thanks. I think we all agree -- pls see reply to Anna Marriot's comment below.


    Adam et al.