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  • Reply to: Falling inequality: A Brazilian whodunnit   1 week 6 days ago

    Dear Francisco
    Thank you for a nice blog. I am not surprised that wage gap has narrowed between formal and informal sectors. As global supply chains expand, informal jobs have expanded in the tradable sector (they are contracting in the non-tradable sector). A large number of women have also joined informal jobs in the tradable sector that has also narrowed the gender wage gaps. So the two are related. There are many drivers of reduced wage gaps and gender segmentation. Above all, the good physical infrastructure provided by mega cities have attracted and helped informal jobs to benefit from better resource allocation, benefit from agglomeration, and less fear of demons of congestion in mega cities. I suspect there will be huge spatial disparities in wage gap within Brazil. Wage gaps may not have narrowed as much in secondary cities as they have in mega cities.

  • Reply to: Are girls smarter than boys?   2 weeks 3 days ago

    Such an interesting look at gender differences and the grey area where nature and nurture collide and what results from this collision. I agree with what you said about the importance resting in the break down of social constructs--how many amazing ideas/experiments/cures/etc. are being held captive because our society has created these gender barriers? And what would it look like to break them down?

  • Reply to: Are girls smarter than boys?   2 weeks 4 days ago

    Great post! I am not a specialist, and this is super-informative. How well are studies based on standardized tests able to control for selection into actually getting to take the tests? If only the smarter girls or boys, or if only the girls from certain socio-economic backgrounds get to go to school in the first place, then the comparisons of tests scores will confound gender and other effects.

  • Reply to: What cost childhood stunting? And what returns to programs combatting stunting?   2 weeks 6 days ago

    Hi Emanuela, Adam

    In terms of your last paragraph and the "cost of inaction" I would like to recommend you to read the section on the Cost of Inaction that Jere B. and I wrote in the paper "Investing in the foundation of sustainable development: pathways to scale up for early childhood development"in the Lancet

    There we have have calculated estimates of the cost of not intervening in stunting reducing interventions based on the Butta et al paper (in % of GDP) for 15 high prevalence countries.
    I d be great to chat at some point if you have time,
    Congrats on the post!

  • Reply to: Parents or centers: How should governments prioritize early investments in children?   3 weeks 5 days ago

    My contribution from Mali.
    Very interesting debate and excellent summary.
    The importance of quality is crucial. Also, I think in West Africa, where i work, it would be interesting to study the importance of social and cultural behaviors of the community in children's early stimulation and learning. I think it is important to adapt home visits or childcare (for example) to cultural differences and evaluate how it can have an impact on the quality of interactions between caregiver/parent and children
    Thanks again for this contribution.
    Aichatou Cisse.