Di Indonesia masa pasca desentralisasi, sebagian besar tanggung jawab untuk menyediakan layanan publik berada di tangan pemerintah daerah. Begitu juga dengan pengelolaan uang pemerintah. Saat ini pemerintah daerah mengelola hampir setengah dari total keuangan negara. Transfer ke daerah sudah naik tiga kali lipat dalam nilai riil dibanding sejak desentralisasi dimulai.
Namun, perbaikan dalam indikator kesehatan dan pendidikan belum bergerak banyak, sehingga hasil dari bertambahnya transfer uang ke daerah tampaknya masih kurang memuaskan.
In post decentralization Indonesia, the responsibility to deliver services falls largely at the hands of the local government. So, too, does the management of public money. Local governments currently manage about half of Indonesia’s public finances. Transfers to the regions increased by more than threefold in real terms since the onset of decentralization.
However, with few improvements in health and education indicators, the results of these increased transfers are not encouraging.
After five years in Indonesia, my family and I have left this wonderful country and moved to Kenya. The last five years have been excellent years for Indonesia. The economy stabilized, growth resumed and services started to improve, although modestly and not in all areas. Indonesia still remains an underrated country, but this may change. Indonesia has only mildly been affected by the global crisis.
Thirty African officials visited China for 12 days in May on a pilot South-South knowledge exchange organized by the Chinese government with assistance from the World Bank. My colleague, Phil Karp, has written about the program, including the study tour around China that he accompanied. I met the officials in Beiji
Decentralization has been a buzz word in the development world for a while, but disagreements remain about when and how different types of decentralization are successful in improving accountability and service delivery. Although decentralization is often used as a monolithic concept, the term can include political, fiscal, administrative or market decentralization, and can involve var