Албан бус орчуулга.25 жилийн түүхээ 25 өдөрт багтаан бичиж байгаа аяныхаа хүрээнд өнөөдөр 2010 оны онцлох үйл явдлуудыг эргэн саная. 2010 оныг эргэн дурсахад над хамгийн түрүүнд нарлаг, халуун Австралийн Брисбан санаанд орж байна. Брисбанд би суралцаж, бакалаврын боловсрол эзэмшсэн билээ. 2010 оны эхээр Цагаан сарын амралтыг ашиглан гэртээ түргэхэн харьчихаад ирэхээр шийдсэн. Брисбаны олон улсын онгоцны буудалд богино ханцуйтай нимгэн цамцтай буухдаа цас болон утааны нөхцөл байдлын талаар эцэг эхийн над өгч байсан зөвлөгөөг тоомсорлоогүй явсанаа ойлгосон. Халуун, чийглэг уур амьсгалтай газраас Улаанбаатарт газардахдаа цельсийн 60 хэмийн зөрөөг мэдэрсэн. Тэр өвөл үнэхээр хүйтэн байж, цас их унаж, Монголын газар нутгийн ихэнх хэсэгт агаарын хэм цельсийн 40 хэм хүрч байлаа. Утааны асуудал намайг зовоосоор байсан ч энэ бол муу зүйл гэдгийг ийм амархан мартсандаа гайхсан. Бусад хүн ч мөн над шиг зүйлийг мэдэрсэн байсан. Тухайлбал, тухайн үед Дэлхийн Банкны суурин төлөөлөгчөөр ажиллаж байсан Аршад Саед. Тэрбээр зудын гамшгийн тухай блогтоо бичиж байсан бөгөөд бид хамтдаа Монголын алслагдсан аймгуудын хахир өвлийг мөн нийслэл хотын агаарын бохирдлыг мэдэрч байсан.
Cũng có ở Tiếng việt
|Pop singer Ngoc Khue and MC My Linh, along with 80 volunteers, took part in a flash mob to support the ‘I Hate Nylon’ project.|
These days, when most people in Vietnam stay home to celebrate the Lunar New Year (locally known as Tet holiday), hundreds of Vietnamese youth flocked to the streets of Hanoi, the country’s capital, to work on a community project to reduce plastic bag usage in the city.
The ‘I Hate Nylon’ project (plastic bags are commonly called nylon bags in Vietnam) aims to raise Vietnamese people’s awareness about the dangers of plastic bag usage through several community activities before the Lunar New Year, the biggest holiday in Vietnam when people consume a lot of plastic bags.
|No mountains are visible beyond this pollution cloud. (Late November 2007)|
It certainly feels like the worst of winter is over for another year, well until December anyway. Daytime temperatures now reach above 0 Celsius (32 Fahrenheit) regularly, the city’s ice sculptures have melted and the slippery footpaths have thawed, making walking in the city safer and easier. There’s also a visible improvement in Ulaanbaatar’s (UB) air quality.
On most days, from my office window, I can now see the beautiful snow-dappled mountains that surround UB; during the heavily polluted winter months the horizon is completely hidden behind a thick grey-brown smoky haze.
This morning, my kids stood waiting for the school bus, crying. The bus was late, and they had been outside for about three minutes. No wonder. The temperature outside was -39 degrees Celsius. I thought we had bundled them up enough; they had so many layers on that they looked like astronauts. But they were still freezing.
This winter is especially cold. It's in the 30 degrees below zero every day, and has dipped below -40°C. In some parts of Mongolia, it has fallen below -50°C. There is frost on the windows of our office.
It’s high time I write something which doesn’t seem to be the work of a manic-depressive. Many of my blogs have majored on the negatives, but I honestly wouldn’t be in this business if I didn’t have within me a deep-rooted hope for the future. As I have remarked before, conservationists are a wonderful band, but put a group of ebullient conservation friends together, and within half an hour the conversation has quieted down, turned grumpy, and you need to watch out in case any of them looks as though they are contemplating jumping from the office balcony or a handy cliff. We don’t celebrate the successes, or even the potential ones, enough. It’s a cliché to say that the war is being lost while battles are being won, but we should at least encourage each other with battle victory parties.
|Children breathe thick, toxic smog from thousands of stoves in Ulaanbaatar's ger districts, which are home to 60 percent of the city's population.|
Worst of all, imagine you and your children breathing the thick, toxic smog from thousands of stoves 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Unfortunately, this is not imagination, this is the real situation for over a half million people living in the ger districts of the capital. Not a pretty picture.
|This is my last week in the World Bank, after working at the institution for 20 years, the last five as country director for China and Mongolia.|
|Children perform during "Call for Green China" – a unique cultural tour to raise awareness about pressing environmental issues in China and possible solutions.|
Other factors are more long term – the sandstorms common when I lived here in 1986 are largely gone, owing to successful re-greening efforts west of here. There was a frenzied pace of construction as modern Beijing was being built, which has naturally slowed down – construction dust was a key part of air pollution here.
There is more room for improvement, but the progress was notable during a lovely April. One key issue going forward will be to continue to control private vehicle use.
A couple weeks ago, blogger Chris Pablo wrote here about a project designed to get more people in the Philippines riding bicycles by creating and designating separate bike paths in Marikina City, a medium-sized city at the eastern edge of Metro Manila.
The project, which started in 2001, seems to have achieved its demonstration effect. From a survey done in 2006, the share of bike trips to all trips in the city increased to 9.5%, from 4% in 1999. Bicycle ownership also grew.
The short World Bank-produced video below gives another look at the successful project: