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Korea, Democratic People's Republic of

비인지능력의 정의와 중요성

Raja Bentaouet Kattan's picture
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 Trinn Suwannapha / World Bank)
자동화 등의 추세로 인해 노동 시장이 근본적인 변화를 거치면서 비인지 능력과 사회정서적 능력의 중요성에 대한 연구가 활발해지고 있다. (사진: Trinn Suwannapha / 세계은행)

지난 수십 년 동안 동아시아 국가를 포함한 많은 국가에서 저렴한 저숙련 노동력은 경쟁력의 원천이었다. 그러나 자동화가 진행되면서 값싼 인력과 낮은 기술은 더는 경제 성장이나 일자리를 보장할 수 없게 되었다.
 

Three critical ingredients for successful education reform

Jaime Saavedra's picture
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“For learning to happen and for values to be nurtured in classrooms, teachers and  principals need to have a mindset of excellence,” says Jaime Saavedra.
“For learning to happen and for values to be nurtured in classrooms, teachers and  principals need to have a mindset of excellence,” says Jaime Saavedra, Senior Director of the World Bank Education Global Practice. (Photo: World Bank)


Over the past decades, education investments in the developing world have led to unprecedented enrollment rates. Yet, even with these historic investments, children sit in classrooms every day without learning. More than a schooling crisis, we face a learning crisis. Despite progress in countries as diverse as Vietnam, Colombia and Peru, millions of children leave school without knowing how to read a paragraph or solve a simple two-digit subtraction.

Tres ingredientes para sostener una reforma educativa

Jaime Saavedra's picture
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"Para que se lleve a cabo el aprendizaje y los valores sean cultivados en las aulas, los maestros y directores deben tener una mentalidad de excelencia", dice Jaime Saavedra
"Para que se lleve a cabo el aprendizaje y los valores sean cultivados en las aulas, los maestros y directores deben tener una mentalidad de excelencia", dice Jaime Saavedra, director senior de la Práctica Global de Educación del Banco Mundial. (Foto: Banco Mundial)


En casi todo el mundo en desarrollo, la inversión en educación se ha traducido en un aumento acelerado de la cobertura educativa. Pero en la mayor parte de los casos, esta inversión no ha tenido todavía un impacto importante en los aprendizajes. Más que una crisis de escolaridad, hoy en día enfrentamos una crisis de aprendizajes. A pesar de las notorias mejoras en países como Vietnam, Colombia o Perú, millones de niños salen de la escuela cada día sin saber leer un párrafo o hacer una resta simple de dos dígitos.

Aptitudes no cognitivas: qué son y por qué deberían importarnos

Raja Bentaouet Kattan's picture
Also available in: English | Français | 한국어
 Trinn Suwannapha / World Bank)
Tendencias como la automatización, que provocan cambios fundamentales en el mercado laboral, hacen que las investigaciones analicen cada vez más el valor de las aptitudes no cognitivas o las habilidades socioemocionales. (Foto: Trinn Suwannapha/Banco Mundial)
En las últimas décadas, la mano de obra barata y poco calificada ha proporcionado a muchos países, incluida gran parte de Asia oriental, una ventaja competitiva. Sin embargo, la cada vez mayor automatización que afecta a las economías hace que la mano de obra barata y los bajos niveles de capacitación ya no garanticen el crecimiento económico ni el empleo. 

Non-cognitive skills: What are they and why should we care?

Raja Bentaouet Kattan's picture
Also available in: Español | Français | 한국어
 Trinn Suwannapha / World Bank)
With trends such as automation causing fundamental shifts in the labor market, research is increasingly looking at the value of non-cognitive skills or socioemotional skills. (Photo: Trinn Suwannapha / World Bank)


Over the past few decades, cheap and low-skilled labor has provided many countries — including much of East Asia — with a competitive advantage.  However, with economies increasingly turning to automation, cheap labor and low skills will no longer guarantee economic growth or even jobs. 

Economy mega shifts are here to stay – Tap your talents to thrive

Salah-Eddine Kandri's picture
Editor’s Note: This guest blog is by Salah-Eddine Kandri, the Global Sector Lead for education at the International Finance Corporation (IFC).
 
 Li Wenyong / World Bank
According to a report from McKinsey, about 60 percent of occupations have at least 30 percent of their activities automatable. This means new sets of skills need to be acquired. (Photo: Li Wenyong / World Bank)


When I visited Peru for the first time last month for a business development trip, I met with the heads of some leading private education institutions. At the end of my visit, I decided to book a cultural tour of Lima. During the tour, I asked our guide Marcos where he learned English as I found him very articulate, knowledgeable and with a good sense of humor. To my pleasant surprise and astonishment, he told me that he learned it by himself, mainly online. He then started practicing with visiting tourists until he became more comfortable leading tours himself.      

Education and economic development: Five reforms that have worked

Harry A. Patrinos's picture
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Education systems are simply not performing as needed; not as economies demand, and not as parents desire. Yet it’s important to celebrate and recognize the success of countries that have made significant advances. (Photo: Sofie Tesson / Taimani Films / World Bank)

Every sector is reforming to meet the changing demands of the global economy. Except one. Education remains a predominantly public service.  This is fine except that it means that this is also mainly publicly-provided, publicly-financed, and regulated. No public service agency is expected to do as much as we expect of education. How are education systems around the world faring?