Middle income countries faces the dilemna of seemingly improved economic status but increasing inequality - such as in access to quality education. The children of the rich become even more powerful to gain access to best educational opportunities. So, one can ask, for whom is economic growth. The Indonesian survey of local governance showed that improved quality of education governance is associated with improved education quality. It will be interesting to find out what drives better education governance at the local level and how diversity is managed to achieve national standards.