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Interactive poverty maps at your fingertips: The case of Bangladesh

Monica Yanez-Pagans's picture
Education indicators screenshot from the interactive poverty maps for Bangladesh
Education indicators screenshot from the interactive poverty maps for Bangladesh

Poverty maps are a useful tool to visualize and compare poverty rates across geographic areas, and learn about how poverty is distributed within a country, which is often times masked in national or aggregated statistics. For instance, the national poverty rate in Bangladesh in 2010 was 31.5 percent, which is the latest year for which a household survey was collected by the government to produce official poverty numbers.

However, a look at zila (district) and upazila (sub-district) level poverty rates suggests that poverty levels differ quite substantially across the different areas of the country with large pockets of poverty concentrated in the north and south-west part of the country. For example, some of the zilas in the north belonging to the Rangpur and Dhaka divisions are among the poorest in the country with poverty rates well above 50 percent while some of the zilas in the south-east belonging to the Chittagong division have poverty rates well below 20 percent.

While country level poverty maps are generally widely available, accessing the underlying information is not always easy or is unavailable in a user-friendly format. Moreover, there is not a straightforward way to link these disaggregated poverty statistics with other socio-economic indicators and even if one attempts to do, it might take a substantial amount of time to put together all this information.

Specifically, poverty maps are often times disseminated in the form of printed reports, which do not allow users to directly access the data in a digitized format or link it to other socio-economic statistics. Lowering barriers to access poverty statistics and facilitating the linking of these indicators to other non-monetary living standards statistics is important to facilitate the use of poverty statistics, make them more relevant for policy and program planning, and promote more evidence-based policymaking.

To address this issue, we have developed a set of interactive poverty maps for Bangladesh which provide an online platform to access poverty, shared prosperity, and socioeconomic statistics at the national, zila and upazila levels. The indicators available through these interactive maps are organized around seven thematic areas including poverty and shared prosperity, children under-nutrition, demographics, labor markets, access to services, literacy and educational attainment, and school attendance.

Besides showcasing zila and upazila level statistics, the interactive maps report national level averages for each of the indicators and a ranking of each of the reported indicators based on the relative performance of the geographic area compared to other zilas and upazilas in the country. Lastly, all of the data underlying the interactive poverty maps can be downloaded to a user-friendly format in excel file in a single batch.
 
Literacy indicators screenshot from the interactive poverty maps for Bangladesh
Literacy indicators screenshot from the interactive poverty maps for Bangladesh


The interactive maps link monetary and non-monetary welfare indicators at disaggregated levels to provide a much richer perspective of the living conditions of the people in Bangladesh. The maps show that the non-monetary welfare indicators provide a very different picture of the living conditions than the traditional monetary poverty measures.

For instance, the stunting rates and under-weight rates among children under-five-years-old are particularly high in the east of the country, while poverty rates in these areas are relatively lower than the national average. Similarly, access to proper sanitation services in several of the zilas in Chittagong is very limited but poverty rates in these areas are among the lowest in the country.

Primary school attendance among children aged six to 10 in most of the zilas in the Khulna division is relatively high compared to the national average but poverty rates in these areas are among the highest in the country.

The Bangladesh interactive poverty maps aim to be a useful tool for policy makers and people interested in accessing poverty and socio-economic statistics at the zila and upazila levels. In addition, the maps can provide a quick glimpse of the performance of the various monetary and non-monetary indicators across the different zilas and upazilas in the country. We hope you find this resource useful and invite you to start exploring this tool

Comments

Submitted by Fazlur Rahman on

Thanks for this. I believe the previous map were created in 2009 based on HIES 2005. Do you know where i can get an excel version of that data? Thanks in advance.

Submitted by Monica on

Dear Fazlur,

The Bangladesh Poverty Maps for 2005 and the associated technical report are available at the links provided below. The underlying data in digitized format is unfortunately not available to the public to the best of my knowledge.

Best,

Monica

http://www.wfp.org/sites/default/files/Poverty%20Map%202005%20Technical%20Report.pdf

http://203.112.218.65/WebTestApplication/userfiles/Image/LatestReports/UpdatingPovertyMapsofBangladesh.pdf

Submitted by Trishna on

Hi Monica,
This is quite a fantastic visualization of all relevant socio-economic indicators for Bangladesh at a very granular level. I was wondering if there is a way to create something like this for another country (specifically for India). Or in case you know of a similar visualization for India?

Many thanks in advance
Trishna

Submitted by Asif Dowla on

It would have been useful to include the definition of poverty. For example, what is the difference between poor and extremely poor?

Submitted by Monica on

Dear Asif,

Many thanks for your interest in these maps. You can find the definition and data sources used to construct each of the indicators reported in the excel file available at the "Download Complete Dataset" link under the Select indicator's main menu. This link also offers you the possibility of downloading all the underlying data and definitions. In addition, this will allow you to download all the underlying shape files in case this might be of interest to you. On the poverty and extreme poverty measures, the government produces these two official indicators of monetary welfare using two sets of poverty lines: the lower poverty lines (to identify the extreme poor) and the upper poverty lines (to identify the poor). Further explanations on the methodology used by the government to construct these two sets of poverty lines is available at the official documentation produced by the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics to generate these monetary poverty metrics. Hope these clarifications are useful.

Submitted by mahbub on

If one would like to use this map as base and the indicator data used to visualize based on district. Can we get the source code for the map ??

Submitted by Anonymous on

Hi. You can download the maps in GIS format with the indicators if you click in the link GIS (Below the menu select indicators in the Top left.)

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