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  • Reply to: Youth Have the Answers!   6 hours 10 min ago
    Education of all society is essential to end gender based violence. Thank you for your comment.
  • Reply to: In India, small interventions bring big changes for gender equality   11 hours 8 min ago

    Thank you very much for this blog. It is disbursing that the overall participation of women has declined in India. But hidden below the aggregate trends are new twists and turns, as globalization and technology changes the way developing countries are developing and how role of women in this changing. I have summarized this below from our World Bank Paper.

    Rise of Informality, Trade and Gender in India.
    The slow growth of manufacturing, vast informal sector, and low female participation in economic activity are a concern to many policy observers of India. India’s manufacturers have long performed below their potential. Since its liberalization, India has undertaken many trade reforms to increase its global integration, and the country has invested in domestic infrastructure projects to improve its regional connectivity. These trade reforms have impacted many parts of the economy, and they seem to have held special importance for informal firms, especially women headed enterprises.

    There are three intriguing, under-appreciated, and new emerging trends India’s structural transformation and manufacturing growth. First, much of the manufacturing sector’s employment growth that has occurred has come in the form of informal establishments in tradable sectors. While it may not be surprising that manufacturing employment growth has followed from the improved infrastructure connectivity and trade reforms, the degree of imbalance towards the informal and tradable sectors is. The second trend is the particular development of one-person enterprises within this informal tradable sector. These one-person firms are self-employed manufacturers. Tradable establishments with one employee grew from 6% of the informal sector workforce in 1989 to 21% by 2010. This trend is not present in non-tradable industries, and the growth dwarfs other size categories. This trend is particularly surprising given that we would expect the trade and investment reforms that India underwent in the 1990s to more strongly impact larger firms, as micro enterprises in particular are known to face significant hurdles in competing in export and other non-local markets. Third, many more women are now participating in informal firms and now connect into local supply chains and input-output networks.
    There are risks going forward. The connectivity of informal firms to global supply chains can propagate shocks. We need to better understand how changes in technology impact and shape new emerging trends in globalization.

  • Reply to: In India, small interventions bring big changes for gender equality   18 hours 25 min ago

    Such interesting writing, Kyle! It's these noble goals that make the World Bank a beautiful institution. The next natural step to gender equality is for men to recognize the importance of women's employment. And I must tell you that the Chennai office is fortunate to have such men at the helm of its affairs - Sunil Kumar and Vinay Prakash Chugh for instance who were very supportive of me during one of the most vulnerable moments in my career/life.

  • Reply to: In Bangladesh, changing behaviors for better health   19 hours 29 min ago

    Honorable Rokeya Apa , studied the write up ; Very interesting and helpful for Sanitation and HP intervention. Wishing , we will have more precious writing on up coming days ...Ahsan , M&E Specialist , BRWSSP , DPHE

  • Reply to: How will Bangladesh reach higher levels of prosperity?   1 day 6 hours ago

    Good to know that World Bank has given more importance on revival of IWT in BD. I strongly believe that rivers in BD can contribute more to establish a vibrant trade friendly transport network and if the advantage of IWT is unlocked container traffic will penetrate more efficiently to the main consumption and distribution area. Thanks to WB for undertaking D-C IWT corridor. I believe this will help to estabish a green sub regional connnectivity.