Very interesting and relevant points. The pilot projects idea is one that particularly stands out for me, especially in the GCC where generous energy subsidies often slow down any efficiency reforms. There are several solar pilot projects in Oman, for example, but little effort to scale these up. Considering others in the area (Masdar in the UAE) are investing heavily, it's time some of the smaller oil producers did the same.
Within all of this, where would improving connectivity between countries fit in, if at all? To my mind, pooling energy resources would be a great way to promote sustainability and efficiency.