International trade has a critical role to play in environmental protection and the effort to mitigate climate change. While it certainly isn’t always framed this way, it is important to realize...

Miles McKenna, Jaime de Melo, Mariana Vijil |

It is July 2012 and cattle farmers in Nicaragua are worried because Guatemala has enacted a series of laws that restrict beef trade. These so-called “non-tariff measures, ” or NTMs, require that...

Jose Daniel Reyes, Maria Jose Gonzalez Rivas |

A major factor holding back African development is the time it takes to transport goods within the continent. Though road conditions are poor in much of Sub-Saharan Africa, research has shown that...

Gael Raballand, Julia Oliver |