When the “Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin” (SBM-G) was launched in October 2014 with the goal of making rural India free from open defecation by 2019, it gave states and districts more flexibility...

Arun Kumar Dobhal |

This blog is co-authored with Lawrence Haddad,  Executive Director, The Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN)Other co-authors: Beatrice Montesi, GAIN  Martin P. Gambrill, The World Bank ...

Claire Chase, Martin Gambrill, Rebecca J Gilsdorf |

How do you persuade people to use a toilet? This is an urgent question across rural India: somewhere near half a billion people are still defecating in the open, and the Swachh Bharat Mission is...

Robin van Kippersluis |

Eliminating inequality is integral to the Sustainable Development Goals , from ‘universal access’ to water, to ending poverty ‘everywhere’. Yet in a world where the politics of who gets what is...

Nathaniel Mason |

The markets for rural energy access and internet connectivity are ripe for disruption – and increasingly, we’re seeing benefit from combining the offerings.   Traditionally, power and broadband...

Anna Lerner, Roku Fukui, Doyle Gallegos |

Sushila Devi, a mother of four in the rural Rohtas district of Bihar, India, has no significant assets and depends primarily on casual labor for income. She recently was able to take out a bank...

Vinay Kumar Vutukuru, Mohini Kak, Sitaramachandra Machiraju, Paramveer Singh |

In the village of Bharsauta in Uttar Pradesh, India, construction worker Vishwanath lives with his wife, four children and their elderly parents. Three years ago, the government paid to build a...

Vandana Mehra |

Uttar Pradesh (UP), India’s most populous state with about 200 million people, has historically not performed well on sanitation. According to census figures from 2001 and 2011, the proportion of...

Mariappa Kullappa |

To understand why innovation in fecal sludge management matters, ask yourself this: In 15 years, when almost 5 billion people are using on-site sanitation, solutions like pit latrines and septic...

Krishna Chaitanya Rao |