Voices from Europe & Central Asia
Syndicate content

Poverty

Growth in Central Asia hinges on creating more jobs with higher wages

Lilia Burunciuc's picture
Also available in: Русский


Jobs and wage growth have been the most important driver of poverty reduction globally, and Central Asia. In Tajikistan, for example, it has cut poverty by about two-thirds since 2003. In Kazakhstan, it accounted for more than three-quarters of income growth over the past decade — even among the poorest 20 percent. The other Central Asian nations have also achieved significant economic growth and poverty reduction in the past two decades due to income growth.

But poverty-reduction rates have slowed. In Kyrgyzstan, they began slowing during the global recession of 2008, as income growth faltered. Poverty reduction in Tajikistan leveled off in 2015, when wage growth slackened and remittances from Tajiks working overseas fell.

In Uzbekistan, more than 90 percent of the poorest households have identified lack of jobs as their most urgent priority. For these families, the prospect of increasing their income is slim, while the likelihood of transmitting poverty to their children is high.

So what should countries in Central Asian do to build on their past achievements and prepare their citizens for the jobs of the future?

What’s behind the slowing pace of poverty reduction in Tajikistan?

Alisher Rajabov's picture
Also available in: Русский


Tajikistan achieved high rates of economic growth during the 2000s (about 8% per year, on average), which doubled GDP per capita and helped reduce poverty by almost half between 1999 and 2009. But over the following decade, the rate of poverty reduction began to slow – between 2012 and 2017, poverty fell by about 7.5 percentage points.
 
While employment and growing income levels continued to slowly drive poverty reduction, a fall in the value of remittances in 2014 began weighing on the country’s performance. Since then, the poverty rate has fallen by about just 1 percentage point per year.
 
So, despite continued growth, why has the pace of poverty reduction slowed in Tajikistan?

Roma inclusion: leveraging opportunities for social change

Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez's picture
April 8 was International Romani Day. As we celebrate the Roma people and their culture, we must remember the serious issues they face every day: stigmatization, discrimination, exclusion, and poverty. Join Senior Director for the Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience Global Practice Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez and Senior Social Scientist Nina Bhatt as they discuss these issues.
 


 

Rodzina 500+: walka ze skrajnym ubóstwem wśród dzieci w Polsce

Karolina Goraus-Tańska's picture
Also available in: English
W obliczu jednego z najniższych współczynników dzietności w Unii Europejskiej (UE), polski rząd wprowadził nowy program wsparcia dla rodzin. To nowe świadczenie Rodzina 500+ miało służyć realizacji dwóch celów: zwiększyć dzietność oraz zmniejszyć ubóstwo wśród dzieci.
 
Program Rodzina 500+, wprowadzony w kwietniu 2016 r., zapewnia comiesięczne wypłaty w wysokości 500 złotych (115 euro) na każde drugie i kolejne dziecko do 18. roku życia. Świadczenie zostało również przyznane pierwszym dzieciom w rodzinach, których dochód był poniżej określonego progu.
 

The Family 500+: Battling Child Poverty in Poland

Karolina Goraus-Tańska's picture
Also available in: Polski
Facing one of the lowest fertility rates in the European Union (EU), the Government of Poland introduced a new family benefit program that had two objectives: encourage fertility and reduce child poverty.
 
The Family 500+ program, introduced in April, 2016, consists of a monthly payment of PLN 500 (€115) for every child after the first until the age of 18. The benefit was also extended to the first child in families whose income was below a defined threshold.
 

Ljudi dobijaju veću moć pred srpskim sudovima

Georgia Harley's picture
Also available in: English


Šta se dešava ako imate pravni problem, a ne možete da priuštite advokata?
 
U Srbiji smo sada korak bliže da odgovorimo baš na to pitanje. Izradili smo vodič kojim se običnim građanima i privrednicima pomaže da se snađu u sudskom sistemu u Srbiji.

Giving people more power in Serbian courts

Georgia Harley's picture
Also available in: Српски


What happens if you have a legal problem but you can’t afford a lawyer?

In Serbia, we are one step closer to answering that very question. We’ve developed a guide to help ordinary citizens and businesses navigate the court system in Serbia.

Moldova – Ce urmează?

Alex Kremer's picture
Also available in: English | Русский
Road menders in MoldovaDupă o pauză de doi ani, Banca Mondială a oferit Republicii Moldova suportul bugetar atât de necesar în noiembrie 2016. Această plată de 45 milioane de dolari SUA a reflectat încrederea noastră, că Guvernul și Banca Națională gestionau, într-un final, circumstanțele care au determinat, prin intermediul unei fraude scandaloase, pierderea a unei optimi din venitul anual al Republicii Moldova.

Totuși, asistența oferită Republicii Moldova pentru stabilizarea crizei economice reprezintă doar debutul creșterii economiei și al îmbunătățirii vieții oamenilor. Deci, unde ar trebui să fie concentrate acum eforturile?

On the road in Georgia – through past, present and future

Mercy Tembon's picture
A handmade map of Georgia




















What an experience! It started bright and early on a Thursday morning as we boarded the car in the basement of the Word Bank office in Tbilisi and set off for a two-day visit to the Imereti region in the west of Georgia.

The first stop along our route was the Gelati Monastic Complex – a UNESCO World Heritage Site – which is an impressive conservation and restoration project supported through the World Bank’s Second Regional Development Project (RDP), the US Ambassador’s Fund for Cultural Preservation and the State Municipal Development Fund of Georgia. Our contribution is to help build infrastructure around the monastic complex that will facilitate tourist access to this historical site, and by consequence help further develop the local economy.

Moldova – What’s next?

Alex Kremer's picture
Also available in: Русский | Română
Road menders in MoldovaAfter a two-year hiatus, the World Bank provided much-needed budget support to Moldova in November 2016. That disbursement of $45 million reflected our confidence that the Government and the National Bank were at last dealing with the conditions that had previously lost – in a scandalous fraud – one eight of Moldova’s yearly income.

Helping Moldova to stabilize an economic crisis, however, is only the beginning of growing the economy and improving people’s lives. So, where should we focus our efforts now?

Pages