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Urban Development

Come for the job, stay for the city: The attraction of magnet cities in Romania

Marcel Ionescu-Heroiu's picture
Also available in: Română
Photo by Shutterstock.com

When looking at the findings from a recent report, you will be struck to learn that more than 15% of people in Romania would consider moving to Cluj-Napoca. Today, however, this Functional Urban Area (FUA)* represents just 2.3% of the total population in the country. Cluj-Napoca is not alone in serving as an attractive urban destination – many people also expressed interest in moving to Bucharest (14.4%), Timișoara (11.9%), Brașov (11.5%), Sibiu (5.16%), or Iași (4.3%).

So, what, then, are the local administrations in these dynamic FUAs doing to attract these people?
 
The unpleasant answer is: not much, unfortunately.

Veniți pentru lucru, stați pentru oraș: Atractivitatea orașelor magnet din România

Marcel Ionescu-Heroiu's picture
Also available in: English
Photo by Shutterstock.com

Rezultatele unui raport recent al Băncii Mondiale, veți avea supriza să aflați că mai mult de 15% din oamenii din România ar considera să se mute la Cluj-Napoca, cu toate că această zonă urbană funcțională (ZUF)[1] adună numai 2.3% din populația totală a țării. Cluj-Napoca nu este singurul centru urban atractiv din România – mulți oameni și-au exprimat interesul de a se muta la București (14.4%), Timișoara (11.9%), Brașov (11.5%), Sibiu (5.16%), sau Iași (4.3%).
 
Dar ce fac administrațile locale din aceste zone urbane dinamice pentru a și atrage acești oameni?
 
Răspunsul neplăcut este: nu foarte multe.

Turning Romania’s secondary cities into engines of growth

Marius Cristea's picture
Also available in: Română


On March 10, a World Bank team of urban specialists will visit Alexandru Ioan Cuza University in Iasi to engage academics, students, local authorities and stakeholders in discussing the role of secondary cities in supporting sustainable growth and improved economic opportunities in Romania.
 
Strengthening Romania’s secondary cities is vital to supporting the country’s efforts in converging faster with the EU and generating sustainable, long-term growth. In turn, rapid growth comes with a set of challenges that cannot be tackled by local authorities alone.

Assessing disaster risk in Europe and Central Asia – what did we learn?

Alanna Simpson's picture
Heavy rains on June 13-14, 2015 caused a 1 million cubic-meter landslide to flow down the Vere River valley and damage the capital city of Tbilisi, Georgia. (Photo via Wikimedia Commons)
Across the Europe and Central Asia region today, policymakers are confronted daily with a wide range of development challenges and decisions, but the potential impacts of adverse natural events and climate change – such as earthquakes or flooding – may not always be first and foremost in their thoughts.

Admittedly, the region does not face the same daunting disaster risks as some other parts of the world – especially in South Asia, East Asia and Latin America – but nevertheless, it is far from immune to the effects of natural hazards – as the past clearly reminds us.

Metropolitan development is central to Romania’s economic development

Marcel Ionescu-Heroiu's picture
Also available in: Română | Русский
Metropolitan development is important for Romania’s growth. An analysis prepared by the World Bank for the Romanian Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration (MRDPA) indicates that Romania’s eight largest metropolitan areas (Bucharest, Brașov, Cluj-Napoca, Constanța, Craiova, Iași, Ploiești and Timișoara) concentrate 50 percent of Romania’s population and generate 75 percent of firm revenues in the country.

Metropolitan areas are the economic engines of a country, and if these engines do not work well, neither does the economy as a whole. Unfortunately, in Romania, these engines do not function properly, highlights another World Bank analysis prepared for MRDPA. There are only a few cities that have a functional metropolitan public transport system (e.g. Alba Iulia, Cluj-Napoca), few cities that have prepared spatial plans for the metropolitan area (e.g. Brăila, Brașov, Craiova), and even fewer that have managed to implement projects at the metropolitan level (e.g. Constanța).

What are some of the challenges facing metropolitan areas in Romania?

Cum pot consolida orașele din România capacitatea de implementare pentru a obține un impact de dezvoltare mai mare?

Marcel Ionescu-Heroiu's picture
Also available in: English


Performanța noilor State Membre ale Uniunii Europene (UE) în ceea ce privește atingerea unui impact de dezvoltare mai ridicat și o convergență mai rapidă reprezintă o preocupare cheie la nivelul UE. Fondurile UE pot contribui la modernizarea infrastructurii și administrației publice, și este estimat faptul că acestea au un impact pozitiv net asupra economiei. Un raport al Băncii Mondiale, elaborat pentru Ministerul Dezvoltării Regionale şi Administraţiei Publice, evidențiază faptul că pentru fiecare euro investit în proiectele de infrastructură publică din România, o sumă suplimentară de 2,04 euro este generată de către economie - un impact relativ mare.
 
Nivelul de absorbție al României lasă de dorit. Cu excepția Croației, România a înregistrat cel mai scăzut nivel de absorbție la nivelul Uniunii Europene, comparativ cu celelalte state membre.

How can Romania’s cities strengthen implementation capacity for greater development impact?

Marcel Ionescu-Heroiu's picture
Also available in: Română


The performance by new members of the European Union (EU) in achieving greater development impact and faster convergence is a key concern at the EU level. EU funds can contribute to the modernization of public infrastructure and public administration, and they are also estimated to have a net positive impact on the economy. A World Bank report, prepared for the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration, highlights that for every €1 invested in public infrastructure projects in Romania, an additional €2.04 are generated by the economy – a relatively high impact.
 
Romania’s absorption performance leaves much to be desired; with the exception of Croatia, Romania has registered the worst level of absorption in the Union when compared to other new member states.
 

Residential sector reform: Ukraine at the crossroads

Grzegorz Gajda's picture
Reform of the residential and utilities sector in Ukraine is now imminent, as much as the modernization of law enforcement or reform of the public health care system. In fact, Ukrainians deal with these areas on a daily basis and, historically, reforms in the residential sector were usually postponed until better times. First, it is important to explain why Ukraine finds itself in this situation. After gaining independence, Ukraine received, among other things, a tremendous amount of state-owned residential property.