The report analyzes in detail how each country in the EU11 implements its own slightly different enforcement system for uncontested monetary claims. The report does not endorse any one model. The two countries highlighted as stand-out performers in the areas of centralization and digitization (along with many aspects) of the first stage of the enforcement procedure are Estonia and Poland. There, country experts confirm that there has been no public outcry and the system appears to run fast and fair, though each in slightly different ways. The report makes no preference for public or private enforcement agents and stresses the importance of monitoring and supervision. There were many experts across disciplines and institutions involved in putting together this report - it was financed by the Dutch MFA, developed by a team of Bank and non-Bank country experts in each EU11 country, and underwent the Bank’s formal peer review process. Thanks again to all those who contributed!