increasing performance especially in the third world Africa needs positive dictatorship like in the case of Rwanda where there are few power cent res to derail development agenda. In Kampala Uganda the city management has been failed by the Mayor who wants to operate like a technical staff. The power centers are in the Council, the President, Minister for Kampala, the executive director, opposition politicians, ruling party....makes it difficult for decisions. how do you please everyone. Governance structures and attitudes drive development performance agenda.