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Ron, Thank you for your comment. Schools in Benin do have institutions (at least de jure) to enable collective action--all schools in our reasonably large sample (of 210 schools) have a PTA, some of the roles of which would be consistent with voicing demands to government authorities. Yet, we find no evidence that greater access to a specific type of media, described as carrying public interest programming, encourages these existing institutions to take greater action. There is no difference in PTA activity in villages with access to fewer or more radio. That is, no change in public behavior, even as there is significant evidence of change in private behavior. And, as described in the blog, this difference in impact on public versus private behavior similarly emerged in other work with far more concerted grassroots mobilization efforts using information and advocacy. There seems to scope for a lot more evidence-based learning on how to design information interventions, based on a better understanding of constraints to public action for government accountability, so that these constraints are effectively addressed. Thanks again for engaging in this discussion.