Thank you very much for the very interesting post and paper. In many ways, the finding that information by itself does not lead to more government accountability is not very surprising. In our work at the International Budget Partnership, we have often found that governments publishing more information on public spending does not necessarily lead to governments becoming more accountable. The ‘missing link’ lies in organized citizen action to use available information in order to pressure governments to provide better services, or to better respond to citizens’ needs and demands. We have documented a number of successful cases of civil society organizations using budget information to affect government policies (you can find some of them here). Passive ‘info-mediaries’ such as community radio stations cannot substitute for more active ones where organized groups analyze information and utilize it to put pressure on governments. This, in turn, requires capacity within civil society to gather and analyze budget information, and the existence of participation channels through which these groups can make their voice heard and influence policy-making. The Uganda Debt Network, for example, used to disseminate the results of its budget monitoring activities in the education sector through community radio stations, raising debate about the quality of government spending, which in turn led to government revising its procurement guidelines for classroom construction (though this case might not fall within the ‘large sample’ research you talk about above, it illustrates the broader point I want to make). This relates to a question I have on your paper. Could it be that access to community radio led to more private rather than government spending on education because of the content of radio programs? If education programs talk about the need for families to invest in education that’s one thing, if they talk about what is happening with government policies and what can be done to improve them, it might spur a different kind of reaction.