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Graham Great to see ODI research being applied to a context as challenging as PNG. However I wonder if there would be merit in also reflecting more fundamentally on what groups in PNG might be interested in working with external actors to solve collective action problems before jumping in with particular solutions. Four other quick questions - which you may well have already considered. First giving money to MPs may indeed by right approach - and is consistent with the research result of seeking solutions that involve working with the grain. But is there evidence this has worked elsewhere? Second community driven development has a mixed record. What is the evidence that it would fit the PNG context? Third has anyone considered cash transfers? Given the large PNG resource base the necessary long term sustainable finance should already exist. And the payments on a nationally agreed - or even locally agreed - basis would help to start to build the linkages between citizens and the state without the costly inefficient intermediation of government spending. There is a growing evidence base of how such transfers have been important politically in Latin America as well as being a highly effective way of reducing poverty. The cost of national ID cards is now very cheap (US$3/card) and these can again be a way of building greater national unity. Rachel Slater in ODI is about to come up with set of key questions for any government to consider before going down that route and we would be happy to send you these when these are ready if you'd be interested. Fourth have you considered the new Fragility Assessment tool that the group of g7+ countries have been piloting as part of the New Deal agreed in Busan? One of the key elements is that countries themselves make their own assessment - rather than the World Bank UN etc. From what you say that might be an interesting political process in PNG. Another variant on this would be south-south learning and explore whether PNG would be interested in asking the Africa Union for support to undertake an Africa Peer Review Mechanism process. This has been a remarkable successful way of getting debate going at the highest political level in Africa on issues as sensitive as shortfalls in parliamentary democracy in Ghana; crime in South Africa and land rights in Kenya. Thanks, Marcus