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Africa

Promising Results from Uganda's Youth Opportunities Program

Timothy Lubanga's picture

In 2006, Uganda launched the Youth Opportunities Program, which provides cash transfers to groups of young adults for self-employment in trades. It is part of the Northern Uganda Social Action Fund, a decentralized development program that is the centerpiece of the post-conflict recovery plan. We spoke with Timothy Lubanga of the Office of the Prime Minister in Uganda, about the mid-term results from an impact evaluation conducted in 2010. He reports that the program is working well, with beneficiaries — especially women — experiencing higher employment and incomes than the control group.

Sizing Up Gender Gaps in Labor Markets

Mary Hallward-Driemeier's picture

Luisa Maria Oliveira. Student. Brazil. VIdeo Still. © Romel Simon/World Bank RS-BR03

We know there are large gender gaps in labor markets. But how pervasive are they and what can be done about them? At the November 2012 LACEA (Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association) — LAMES (Latin American Meeting of the Econometric Society) conference in Peru, academics presented new evidence on the extent of gender gaps in the labor market and some of the underlying explanations for the patterns observed.

Generating Jobs for Youth in Africa

Dickson Malunda's picture

For Africa—home to the youngest population in the world and an extremely high youth unemployment rate—finding jobs for the millions of young people searching for them is a high priority. We spoke with Dickson Malunda, a Senior Research fellow at the Institute of Policy Analysis and Research in Rwanda, where about two-thirds of the population is under the age of 25. He says Africa needs to take a more holistic approach to creating jobs and encouraging entrepreneurship—not just piecemeal, insufficiently coordinated efforts.

Stepping Up Job Creation and Inclusive Growth in Africa

Susan Lund's picture

Over the past decade, Africa has established itself as one of the world's fastest-growing regions. The next challenge is to ensure that economic growth benefits the majority of Africa's people. Job creation and the expansion of stable, wage-paying jobs is one way this happens. Jobs provide the ladder for income growth and economic opportunities, and they are the key to expanding the continent's emerging consuming class. To achieve this, Africa needs targeted jobs strategies to run in parallel with pro-growth policies.

The Job Outlook for African Youth - Part II

Steve Kayizzi-Mugerwa's picture

Africa's youth population is not only growing rapidly, it is also getting better educated. Based on current trends, 59% of 20-24 year olds will have had secondary education in 2030, compared to 42% today, reports the new 2012 African Economic Outlook: Promoting Youth Employment. But to turn this rapid growth in human resources into an opportunity, the report says, Africa needs to tackle its very high level of youth unemployment. The JKP's David Robalino (Lead Economist - Labor and Youth Team Leader, World Bank) discussed the report's findings with the AfDB's Steve Kayizzi-Mugerwa and Agnes Soucat, along with the World Bank's Louise Fox.

The Job Outlook for African Youth - Part I

Steve Kayizzi-Mugerwa's picture

Africa's youth population is not only growing rapidly, it is also getting better educated. Based on current trends, 59% of 20-24 year olds will have had secondary education in 2030, compared to 42% today, reports the new 2012 African Economic Outlook: Promoting Youth Employment. But to turn this rapid growth in human resources into an opportunity, the report says, Africa needs to tackle its very high level of youth unemployment. The JKP's David Robalino (Lead Economist - Labor and Youth Team Leader, World Bank) discussed the report's findings with the AfDB's Steve Kayizzi-Mugerwa and Agnes Soucat, along with the World Bank's Louise Fox.

The Girl Effect

Matthew De Galan's picture

The gender gap in school enrollment may be narrowing, but the gender gap in labor force participation is on the rise. In fact, slightly more than a third of young women in developing countries are jobless. We spoke with Matthew De Galan, a Senior Fellow at the Nike Foundation, which partners with the World Bank on the Adolescent Girls Initiative (AGI) – aimed at helping adolescent girls and young women make a successful transition from school to work.

Using Radio to Reach Out to Small Farmers

Nnaemeka Ikegwuonu's picture

Farmers in rural Africa, especially where access to electricity is a problem, have difficulty to obtain information on modern farming techniques. Nnaemeka Ikegwuonu is the Executive Director of the Smallholders Foundation in Nigeria’s southern Imo State—whose radio station broadcasts 10 hours of agricultural programming daily, keeping locals up to date on everything from soil management to cassava prices at nearby markets. We spoke with him about his choice of radio as a way of reaching out to small farmers and the trials and tribulations of launching his enterprise.

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