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August 2012

Overcoming Obstacles to More Income Equality in Latin America

Claudia Sepúlveda's picture

Chocolate Factory in Sao Paulo, Brazil by Matt Devincenzi, 2009.

Since the early 2000s, the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region has sharply cut the poverty rate - from 44 percent of the population in 2002 to 33 percent in 2008. But it has made fewer inroads in reducing income inequality, leaving LAC still the most unequal region in the world. In addition, a majority of the population suffers from inadequate social protections.

Certifying Skills in Chile

Hernan Araneda's picture

For workers trying to get better jobs, skill certification systems offer a way to upgrade their skills to meet what the labor market is demanding and then get those skills recognized formally. That is why from 1999-2009, Chile undertook a series of pilot projects to develop a national certification system. We recently spoke with Hernán Araneda, head of the Center for Innovation in Human Capital in Fundación Chile, about pilot projects to develop a national certification system that he designed, oversaw, and scaled up.

More Trade is Better for Jobs

Gladys Lopez-Acevedo's picture

Women working in an Indonesian rubber plantation, Java by Steward Leiwakabessy 2011

How can policymakers in developing countries create “good” jobs at a time when most economies are now firmly integrated into the global economy? This goal is critical because the Great Recession that began in 2007-08 has left many economies with far too little job creation and uncomfortably high unemployment rates, especially among youth. As a result, in some countries, there have been renewed calls for greater protectionism.

Olympic Efforts to Create Jobs?

Mary Hallward-Driemeier's picture

Olympic Efforts to Create Jobs? by Mary Hallward-Driemeier

My hometown hosted the Olympics in 1976. It was absolutely thrilling. Along with all the other young women and girls I knew, Nadia Comaneci stole my heart and imagination. At the time, all I cared about was the excitement, the pageantry, and the competition. Now, while being captivated again by the Olympics, I have other questions.

A More Modern, Inclusive Tunisia

Radhi Meddeb's picture

The “Arab Spring,” which began in Tunisia in December 2010, heard calls for jobs, dignity, better governance, and a more inclusive growth model. Over a year later, how is Tunisia doing on the labor front? We spoke with Radhi Meddeb – President of Action et Développement Solidaire (a Tunisian civil society group), Chairman of COMETE Engineering Group, and Chairman of IPEMED (a Euro-Mediterranean think-tank). He cites job creation as the nation’s top priority.

A Road to the Beach

David Robalino's picture

Juanjo at Bar Marina

I often come to Same, Ecuador for vacations. It's a very small town of unknown population on the country’s northern Pacific coast. About 25 years ago, the only way to get there was in cars with four-wheel drive, but now there is a paved road that brings visitors from Quito down the Andes in around 5 1/2 hours. Economists would normally predict that better infrastructure – in this case, improved access – would bode well for a small, isolated town. But the reality, certainly in the eyes of the long-time locals, is that the opposite occurred.

Women and Jobs in Afghanistan

Sima Samar's picture

Women in Afghanistan continue to constitute a very small part of the official labor force. We asked Sima Samar, Chairperson of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission, what could be done to give women greater economic opportunities. She stressed the importance of empowering women for themselves, their families, and society, and the role of education in changing attitudes.