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May 2013

Job Creation in Fragile States - Lessons from Yemen

Abdullah Al-Dailami's picture

As part of our discussion on creating jobs and expanding social protection in post-conflict and fragile states, we focus in on the Middle East — specifically Yemen. As is the case in sub-Saharan Africa, fragile states must contend with high youth unemployment, scarce formal sector jobs, weak institutions, and a lack of social protection, on top of the loss of lives, assets, education, and disruption from the conflict itself. The JKP recently spoke with Abdullah Al-Dailami, Acting Managing Director of the Social Fund for Development (SFD),  who says that a major emphasis now is providing access to financial and non-financial services to help people engage in self-employment.

Job Creation in Fragile States — Lessons from Liberia and the DRC

Mary Hallward-Driemeier's picture

Governments around the world may struggle to expand job creation, but the need — and challenge — is all the greater in post-conflict and fragile states, which all too often feature high youth unemployment, few formal sector jobs, and weak institutions, on top of the loss of lives, assets, education, and disruption from the conflict itself. The JKP gained further insight into these issues from recent conversations with policymakers from Liberia and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Gabriel Fernandez of Liberia stressed the importance of fiscal discipline.

Go to school, but only if it is a good one

Rosangela Bando's picture

In early May I attended a conference on Skills, Education and Labor Market Outcomes at the University of Maryland, which was co-sponsored by the Jobs Knowledge Platform. Five papers were presented discussing investments in human capital, its effects and mechanisms through which these investments provide returns later in the labor market. This research provides evidence that investment in human capital is multidimensional, malleable and has an effect on future wages.

Providing Unemployment Benefits in Developing Countries

David Robalino's picture

Construction Workers in Brazil. June 16, 2009 © World Bank Photo Collection

As classic unemployment insurance (UI) spreads in the developing world, the debate is heating up over the best way to design unemployment benefit programs.  Most of the research so far has referred to OECD countries, where UI is the most common public income support program for the unemployed. But the situation is more complicated in developing countries, with their large informal sectors, which offer a relatively easy way for unemployed people to pick up some income — undetected by the government — while they continue to receive UI benefits.