We’ve also produced a series of “understanding poverty” video explainers that go into poverty lines, poverty measurement, purchasing power parities (PPPs), why we're updating the international poverty line to $1.90/day and some highlights from the newly released data. You can watch all 5 videos in the playlist below:
The global poverty rate is projected to fall to 9.6% in 2015. New estimates show 702 million people living below $1.90 per day, the majority of them in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.
Globally, the Millennium Development Goal of reversing the trend in new cases of tuberculosis has been met. Today there there are 40% fewer people living with TB than there were in 1990. More data.
Between 1990 and 2015, the global under-5 mortality rate dropped 53% from 91 to 41 deaths per 1,000. However, this drop is not enough to meet the global Millennium Development Goal of a two-thirds reduction over this period. Read more.
New data from the United Nations show that at the end of 2014, the 6.3 million refugees in the West Bank and Gaza, Jordan, and Lebanon accounted for over 35% of their host country's total populations. Read more.
Though maternity leave is standard in almost all economies, it varies in duration from a few weeks to a few years. Most maternity leave is paid, though economies vary on whether it is paid by employers, governments, or both. Read more.
Millennium Development Goal 5 is to "Improve maternal health" and is measured against a target to “Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio” and to “Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health”
In 2013, 99% of world’s 289,000 maternal deaths occurred in developing countries
According to the WHO, every day, around 800 women lose their lives before, during, or after child delivery. In 2013, more than half of all maternal deaths occurred in Sub-Saharan Africa, and about a quarter occurred in South Asia.
However, countries in both South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa have made great progress in reducing the maternal mortality ratio. In South Asia it fell from 550 per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 190 in 2013, a drop of 65 percent. In Sub-Saharan Africa, where rates are more than double those of South Asia, they’ve also dropped by almost 50 percent over the same period.
These achievements are impressive, but progress in reducing maternal mortality ratios has been slower than the 75 percent reduction between 1990 and 2015 targeted by the MDGs. Aside from a handful of countries, no developing regions on average are likely to achieve the target. But the average annual rate of decline has accelerated from 1.1 percent over 1990–95 to 3.1 percent over 2005–13.
Millennium Development Goal 4 is to "Reduce child mortality" and is measured against a target to “Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate”. It includes indicators to measure the under-5 mortality rate, the infant mortality rate and the proportion of 1-year olds immunized against measles.
17,000 fewer children now die each day compared with 1990
In 1990 13 million children died before their fifth birthday, by 1999 it was less than 10 million, and by 2013 it had fallen to just over 6 million. This means that at least 17,000 fewer children now die each day compared with 1990.
In 1990 the average under-five mortality rate for all developing countries was 99 deaths per 1,000 live births; in 2013 it had fallen to 50 or about half the 1990 rate. This is tremendous progress. But based on the current trend, developing countries as a whole are likely to fall short of the Millennium Development Goal target. Despite rapid improvements since 2000, child mortality rates in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia remain considerably higher than in the rest of the world
Millennium Development Goal 3 is to "Promote gender equality and empower women" and is measured against a target to "Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015" and also includes indicators to measure the proportion of seats held by women in national parliament and the share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector.
Since 1990, the number of women in parliament has quadrupled in the Middle East and North Africa
More women are participating in public life and decision making at the highest levels than in 1990, based on the proportion of parliamentary seats held by women. Latin America and the Caribbean leads developing country regions in 2014, at 29 percent, followed closely by Sub-Saharan Africa at 22 percent. The biggest change has occurred in the Middle East and North Africa, where the proportion of seats held by women more than quadrupled between 1990 and 2014 . At the country level Rwanda leads the way with 64 percent in 2014, higher than the percentage for high- income countries, at 26 percent.