Improving the capacity of national statistical systems (NSSs) has long been a part of the global development agenda. The NSSs play an important role in modern economies. They provide stakeholders, ranging from policy makers to stock market analysts and the general public, with the data on the country’s socioeconomic developments. At the international level, monitoring global initiatives such as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) requires high-quality data that are produced consistently across different national statistical systems.
In 2004, the World Bank developed the Statistical Capacity Index (SCI) to measure progress in statistical capacity building. The SCI was based on publicly available data and was designed to assess a country’s statistical capacity in an internationally comparable and cost-effective manner. Several international and national agencies have adopted the SCI for measuring progress in statistical capacity building and related investments (United Nations, 2016).