There are fewer female than male STEM graduates in 107 of 114 economies


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In 107 of 114 economies, there are fewer female than male STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) graduates[i] . Among every 10 STEM graduates in South Korea, Chile, Burundi, Cambodia, and Burkina Faso, only less than 2 are girls. In this digital age, the demand for STEM graduates far exceeds its supply. This disparity in professional choices reflects a missed opportunity. Encouraging more girls into STEM can help fill the supply gap.

This indicator for share of female STEM graduates, sourced from UNESCO Institute for Statistics, was recently included in the World Bank Gender Statistics database. To explore more gender relevant indicators, visit the recently launched Little Data Book on Gender 2019 and the Gender Data Portal.

[i] exceptions include: Sint Maarten, Tunisia, Algeria, Benin, Oman, Brunei, and Syria


Join the Conversation

Sayali Phadke
August 22, 2019

Hi Divyanshi,

Could you please point me in the direction of more material to support the claim that "...the demand for STEM graduates far exceeds its supply"? Is this phenomenon observed across economies, or dominated by some, hence bringing the global average demand up and supply down?

Thank you

Haruna-aig. Ellams
August 22, 2019

All hands must be on deck to ensure that more women are involved in the study of sciences, technology, engineering and mathematics. New approaches should be adopted that will see the girl-child play with related toys from about age two, with special curricular, teaching methodology and teaching aids from primary to tertiary levels.

Sadia Ahmed Mao
August 22, 2019

In Somalia, Female graduates in Finance and Banking, IT, Economics, accounting, laboratory, medicine and public health are more than men.... in this century Muslim parents understand how important of educating women are that's why the number of women that go schools and universities are more than men.

Inge Voss
August 22, 2019

Why is the Netherlands missing from this table?

Mwenya N. Mwamba
August 22, 2019

It should also be noted that out of those less than 4 in 10 girls, none of them is a girl with a disability. Girls with disabilities are excluded from STEM for lack of facilities in schools, colleges and Universities and there are inadequately trained teachers in Education for Learners with Special Educational Needs and or Disability.