Syndicate content

Europe's disgrace

Hein de Haas's picture
A general sense of panic is dominating media coverage of what has come to know as Europe's 'refugee crisis'. It conveys the image of a massive exodus going on from the Middle East and Africa to Europe, with European countries struggling to control borders in order to prevent an invasion from happening. To be sure, we are dealing with a grave humanitarian tragedy, that need urgent addressing. Yet the idea that we are facing a biblical, uncontrollable exodus is sheer nonsense.

“Say it loud, say it clear: refugees are welcome here”

Ellen Goldstein's picture

I am the World Bank’s Director for the Western Balkans, and I live in Vienna, Austria, where thousands of refugees, mostly fleeing from conflict in Syria and Afghanistan, are now straggling across the border from Hungary after harrowing trips on crowded boats, uncomfortable stays in makeshift camps, cramped bus rides and long journeys on foot when all else fails.

My father’s parents were refugees to America.  They were Jewish peasants from Russia who fled the pogroms of the early twentieth century.  My mother’s great-grandparents were economic migrants, educated German Jews who went to Chicago in the mid-nineteenth century to seek their fortune in grain futures and real estate.  When my parents married in the early 1950s, theirs was considered a “mixed marriage”: Russian and German; peasant stock and educated elite; refugees and economic migrants.  I know the difference between the latter two:  refugees are pushed out of their home countries by war, persecution and a fear of death; economic migrants are pulled out of their home countries by the promise of a more prosperous life for themselves and their children.

PM Modi’s visit to the Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) in the UAE

Dilip Ratha's picture
Q&A with Natalie Obiko Pearson, Bloomberg News

1. Why are remittances so important to India's economy?

India received $70 billion in remittances last year, and is expected to receive over $72 billion this year. That makes remittances one of the largest sources of foreign exchange for India, larger than its IT exports. Remittances directly flow to the migrants’ families, helping them finance purchases of essential items, housing, school and medical services. Remittances act like an insurance for Indian households, increasing in times of need (such as weddings, funerals, natural disasters). They also act like an insurance for the country, rising in times of financial difficulties, such as when external private capital flows decrease and the rupee weakens. They reduce poverty and increase human capital by enabling schooling and medical services. They also provide much needed funding for business investments for households.

Examining Migration Governance in India

Irudaya Rajan's picture
The World Bank classifies India as one of the top emigrating countries in the world with a stock of 13.88 million Indians worldwide as of 2013. India also figures in three of the top five emigration corridors in the South Asia region, that is, India–United States, India–Saudi Arabia, India–United Arab Emirates where the stock of migrants are estimated to be beyond 2 million.

Return Migration and Re-Integration into Croatia and Kosovo (Roundtable, May 11-12, 2015 -- Zagreb/Croatia)

Hanspeter Wyss's picture
The goal of KNOMAD’s roundtable Return Migration and Re-integration into Croatia and Kosovo was to probe the hypothesis that return migration and homeland reintegration promote development through the transfer of enhanced human and social capital that migrants commonly acquire in their host society integration.

Longitudinal Research on Environmental Change and Migration: A Workshop on Objectives, Methods, and Applicability to Policy and Practice (March 19-20, 2015 -- Washington, DC)

Hanspeter Wyss's picture
KNOMAD’s workshop focused on the role of longitudinal data collection and analysis in improving understanding of three principal issues: the determinants of environmentally-induced migration, the impacts of these movements on the migrants as well as communities of origin and destination, and the long-term efficacy of migration as an adaptation mechanism as well as the long-term efficacy of strategies to reduce emigration pressures. 

The workshop’s four major findings are:

Age Old Debate: Why do Elderly People Oppose Immigration?

Hernan Winkler's picture

The Mediterranean Crisis has been fueling anti-immigrant sentiment across Europe, adding even more challenges to the debate about immigration policies. The difficulty to agree on immigration matters is also evident if we look at the current state of the EU immigration policy: rather than a common policy, it is a collection of 28 migration regimes with marked differences in terms of openness and flexibility.

This is a problem because Europe’s population is expected to age rapidly. And even though immigration won’t solve all of Europe’s economic woes, more open and flexible immigration policies will inject much-needed flexibility and dynamism into Europe’s graying economies.

Will there be policy coherence between the FfD Action Agenda and the Post 2015 Development Agenda on migration, remittances and diaspora?

Sonia Plaza's picture

I attended the FfD Conference where the Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA) was adopted.  Migration and remittances were positively included in the outcome document. However, it will be important to ensure policy coherence and alignment on what have been adopted in Addis and what will be adopted in the SDGs. 

Addis Ababa Action Agenda (4A): On harnessing migration for financing development, we are almost there!

Dilip Ratha's picture
Yesterday the Addis Ababa Action Agenda (4A) was adopted at the Third International Conference on Financing for Development (FfD). The 4A recognizes the positive contribution of migrants, half of whom are women, to inclusive growth and sustainable development and notes that it must be addressed in a coherent, comprehensive and balanced manner.

Indian Migrants’ Problems: Few Suggestions

Indian workers’ migration to the Gulf is a century old phenomenon, however, major breakthrough occurred after the first oil boom (1973-74). Today, approximately 7 million Indians work in six GCC countries, which is more than 50% of estimated 13 million foreign workers present in the GCC. The Indian workers in GCC remit about US$40 billion i.e. around 57% of the total remittances, i.e. US$70 billion India receives annually.