“Salary progression”—the difference in salary between junior and senior professors—in general appears modest compared to the situation in the professions outside academe. According to our research, for most of the 15 countries in the study, salaries seldom doubled between entry level and senior ranks.
Middle East and North Africa
At least in Uruguay, a vote costs about US$2,000. This is according to a new paper that looks at the political economy of conditional cash transfer programs. In 2004 Uruguay implemented a conditional cash transfer program called PANES not unlike Mexico's well-known Progresa program. According to Government Transfers and Political Support:
Apparently, the answer is Kenya. According to an article in allAfrica.com:
Members of Parliament each receive total monthly salary, allowances and benefits of Sh 1,435,846. This is an average figure. Some MPs may get more, some may get less. Considering it is mostly tax free, this equates to monthly remuneration in excess of Sh 2,000,000.
Writing on the World Bank People Move blog, Sonia Plaza reports that U.S. Census numbers show that non-natives residing in the U.S. are more likely to hold a masters degree than native-born U.S. citizens.* This leads her to ask the following questions in a post on "Brain drain" and the global mobility of high-skilled talent:
For months, I imagined that I would write a post in the dead of winter describing my sufferings in the bitter cold. It is bitter cold: right now (10:00 am) it's -29°c. But I'm not suffering, at least not anymore.
The economic crisis is a global problem. The effects on developing countries are being felt, and are likely to get worse. Up to 90 million people could remain in, or be pushed into extreme poverty as a result. This means governments around the world are focusing as a matter of urgency on how to attract investment and create the best conditions for growth.
One blogger thinks it's time to make it easier to do business in Bhutan:
Meanwhile, our vision of strengthening the private sector and making it the “engine” of growth remains just that – a distant vision. And, in spite of the impressive numbers, our economy is actually very weak, which manifests quite clearly in rising inequalities, youth unemployment and widespread poverty.
Last month the German Development Institute held a workshop on the Doing Business agenda. The two-day event featured none other than Penelope Brook, Director of the Indicators Analysis Department (responsible for the Doing Business project), as well as a number of other staff from the World Bank. Follow the links to check out their presentations:
In debates over globalization, much attention is given to so-called 'North-South' relationships. Often, data on 'South-South' exchanges it too limited to say much. A new paper on Global Migration of the Highly Skilled by Theo Dunnewijk of United Nations University helps shed some new light on 'South-South' brain drain/brain strain/brain circulation (Hat tip: Giulio Quaggiotto). Previous datasets had overlooked diasporas of highly skilled workers in these countries: