As the spread of COVID-19 expands in less developed countries, policymakers will face an additional challenge that was largely absent in more developed economies – the informal sector.

Gemechu Ayana Aga, Filip Jolevski, Silvia Muzi |

To explore the ramifications of the unprecedented shock of COVID-19 on Albanian firms, the World Bank’s Enterprise Analysis Unit and IFC undertook a survey in June 2020, re-contacting the same…

Fernando Blanco, Levent Karadayi, Nona Karalashvili, Laureta Qorlazja |

Using the World Bank Enterprise Survey (WBES) panel data on firms before and after the onset of COVID-19 in 16 countries, we present novel evidence on the role of management practices as a…

Arti Grover, Valerie Karplus |